Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings Manufacturers, Suppliers, Stockist – Socket Weld & Threaded Forged Pipe Fittings in ASTM A105, A350 LF2

Carbon Steel Elbow Carbon Steel Adaptors
Carbon Steel Reducer Carbon Steel Outlets
Carbon Steel Tee Carbon Steel Plug
Carbon Steel Cross Carbon Steel Cap
Carbon Steel Coupling Carbon Steel Valve
Carbon Steel Unions Carbon Steel Insert

Forged Pipe Fittings Manufacturing Standards

  • ASTM A182 – ASME SA182 – Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings
  • ASME B16.9 – Factory-Made Wrought Buttwelding Fittings
  • ASME B16.11 – Socket Welding and Threaded Forged Fittings
  • MSS SP-43 – Wrought and Fabricated Butt-Welding Fittings for Low Pressure, Corrosion Resistant Applications
  • MSS SP-95 – Swage(d) Nipples and Bull Plugs
  • BS3799 – Specification for Steel pipe fittings, screwed and Socket-welding for the petroleum industry

Carbon steel forged socket weld and carbon steel threaded pipe fittings are generally used for small size pipes and piping systems (generally below 4 inches in diameter for Class 3000, and below 2 inches for fittings in class 6000 and 9000). Carbon steel forged pipe fittings are manufactured by forging, followed by heat treatment and machining solid steel as per ASME B16.11 and other dimensional standards. For bigger size piping systems buttweld pipe fittings produced as per ASME B16.9 are used.

  • Forged Pipe Fittings, are commonly used to change the direction in piping, thereby changing the direction of the water flow.
  • Metallica is a well known manufacturer and supplier of carbon steel forged pipe fitting for the clients from oil and gas, petrochemicals, railway, construction and other industries. We manufacture different size and shapes of carbon steel forged pipe fittings by open die forging, closed die forging and drop forging.
  • Our entire range of forged carbon steel fittings, forged steel pipe fittings, forged alloy steel pipe fittings, thread and socket weld, 3000 fitting are appreciated for high durability, dimensional accuracy, smooth finish, leak proof and corrosion resistant features. We guarantee lowest prices for high quality carbon steel forged fittings in India.
  • Metallica supplies more than 300 forged fittings components for the clients from automotive, trucks, railway, construction and other industries. We could manufacture different size and shapes forged fittings by open die forging, closed die forging and drop forging.
  • In addition to this, our Pipe Fittings, Forged Fittings, Stainless Fittings, Carbon Steel Forged Fittings, Steel Fittings, Elbow Fittings, Weld Fittings, High Pressure Fittings, Thread Fittings, socket weld, 3000 fitting are in compliance with the set industry standards like ASTM/ASME A/SA 182, ASTM/ASME A/SA 312, ASTM/ASME A/SA 403, ASTM/ASME A/SA 105, ASTM/ASME A/SA 350 LF2, ASTM/ASME A/SA 106, ASTM/ASME A/SA 234.
  • Socket weld material is significantly more popular then threaded since most applications call for completely sealing off a line and eliminating all possibility of leakage. Nowadays forged components were widely applied to the vehicles and equipment which have the strict requirements for the products quality.
  • Metallica provides the value added services, such as the heat treating, cutting, machining, painting and assembly.
Mild Steel Forged Fittings Manufacturers

Mild Steel Forged Fittings Manufacturers

Carbon Steel Forged Fittings Suppliers

Carbon Steel Forged Fittings Suppliers

Stock Range of Carbon Steel Forged Fittings

Product Carbon Steel Forged Fittings
Connection Thread/NPT (M/F), Socket Weld, Screwed
Applications Oil and Gas Industry, Chemical Industry, Electric Power, Shipping
Pressure Rating 2000#, 3000#, 6000#, 9000# or 2000LB, 3000LB, 6000LB, 9000LB
Type Pipe Union, Cross, Elbow, Street Elbow, Tee, Half Coupling, Full Coupling, Branch Outlets, Forged Plug, Hexagon Bushing, Plugs, Inserts, Caps
Process method Forged, CNC Machined
Materials Grades ASTM/ASME SA/A182 F304, F304L, F316, F316L, F321, F321H, F347, F347H
Standards: ASME/ANSI B16.11, MSS SP 83, MSS SP 97, MSS SP 95
Forged Size
  • Ring: OD up to 2000 mm, High to 500 mm or as per drawing.
  • Flange: NPS 1/2″ to 48″ or as per drawing.
  • Fitting: NPS 1/2″ to 48″ or as per drawing
  • Disc & Block: as per the request
  • Forged Fitting: 1/2”- 4”
Condition Anneal, Normalize, Normalize+Temper, Quench+ Temper, as requirements
Inspection Testing Mechanical Test, Hardness Test, Inter-granular corrosion Test, Ultrasonic Test, PT, MT, Hydraulic Test, or as required
Certificate EN 1024 3.1/ 3.1B/ 3.2, PED, DNV, TUV.
Packing Wooden case/ Steel framed plywood case/ simple packing.
Delivery Time By mutual agreement.
We also can provide High quality Special Alloys forgings as well as non-standards forgings.

Forged Fittings Materials & Grades

Carbon Steel ASTM A105/N, ASTM A350LF2, LF3, LF6
Duplex 2205(F51/60), 2507(F53)
Chrome Moly SA182, F1, F5, F5a, F9, F9l, F11, F12, F22
Stainless Steel 304/L/H, 316/L/H, 310, 317L, 321/H, 347/H, 410, 416, 420, 17-4, 440, Alloy 20
Nickel Alloys 200, 201, 400, K500, 600, 625, 800H/HT, 825, X-750, C276, Hastelloy B & C22

Manufacturing Process for Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

  • Forged fittings are the fittings made by forged steel. The process of manufacturing forged steel fittings include: cutting and heating billets, put pressure on heated billets under dies into desired shape, trimming and shot blasting. Then machine forged blank fittings for net shape and dimensions. According to the applications of forged steel fittings, they are available in threaded and socket weld end connections.
  • The main raw material for producing forged pipe fittings is round bar stock or billets.
  • Most of the forged steel fittings are not large, so closed die forging is normally adapted to produce forged steel fittings. Compared to the open die forging, the close die forging can achieve more complex geometries, very much close to the dimensions of the finished component.
  • Close die forging can produce forged fittings in all materials such as carbon steel, duplex, stainless steel or nickel alloys.
  • Forged Fittings are manufactured from seamless pipe and from welded pipe with filler material (ERW & EFW pipes cannot be used to manufactured fittings). Large diameter fittings are manufactured from Plate. There are various forged pipe fittings manufacturing process that used to manufactured Elbow, Tee, Reducers and other pipe fittings.
    • Mandrel Method – Hot forming or Extrusion Method
    • Hydraulic Bulge method – Cold forming
    • UO or Single weld seam Method
    • Monaka or Double weld seam Method
    • Deep Drawing Method for caps
    • Flare Method for Stub ends
  • The equipment used to produce forged fittings varies with respect to the forging processes which can be carried out:
    • The method of applying the force.
    • The size.
    The different types of forging equipment include:
    • Hammers
    • Presses
    • Upsetters
    • Forging Rolls
    • Ring Rollers
    • Swaging Machines

Types of Carbon Steel Socket Weld & Threaded Forged Steel Pipe Fittings

  1. Elbows (90 Degree Elbows and 45 Degree Elbows) – A pipe elbow is a forged steel fitting installed between two lengths of pipe or tube allowing a change of direction, usually in the 90° or 45° direction. Similar to a reducing tee, reducing elbows also exist to simultaneously change flow direction and reduce flow diameter. Street Elbows have one female end to accept pipe and another male end thread that is the same size as the pipe and can avoid the use of a pipe nipple during installation.
  2. Tees (Equal Tee and Reducing Tees)– Tees are a type of forged steel fitting used to combine or divide process flow, and Reducing Tees additionally allow for pipe size change. The run outlets of the tee are the two in-line outlets, and the branch is the third outlet. The branch outlet is the reducing outlet in a reducing tee.
  3. Couplings (Straight and Reducing Couplings, Full and Half Couplings) Couplings are a forged steel fitting used to connect two lengths of pipe, and Half-coupling is screwed onto the pipe, while the other end is made to be tightly inserted, or welded, onto the other end to pipe or vessel. Standard Couplings have female threads or open sockets at both ends, whereas reducing couplings connect smaller pipes to larger ones.
  4. Unions (Socket Weld Unions and Threaded Unions) – Unions are a forged steel fitting similar to a coupling but allow a convenient disconnection and connection; it has 3 parts: a nut, a female end, and a male end. They allow two lengths of pipe to be assembled and detached without causing any deformation to the pipes.
  5. Bushings (Hex Head Bushings and Flush Bushings) – Reducing inserts and Bushings are forged steel fittings that allow for a change in pipe size. Pictured here is the hex head bushing, which is most commonly used.
  6. Caps (Pipe Caps and End Caps) – Caps are forged steel fittings used to terminate the flow, inserting over the end of the pipe.
  7. Plug (Square Head Plugs, Hex Head Plugs and Round Head Plugs) – Similar to a cap, plugs are forged steel fittings that are inserted into the end of the pipe, and they come with different head types, including: hex, square, and round.
  8. Cross – Crosses are a 4-way forged steel fitting, with 1 inlet and 3 outlets or vice versa. These are sometimes referred to as 4-way tees.
  9. Outlets (Weldolets, Sockolets, Threadolets, Elbolets, Latrolets and Nipolets)
  10. Nipples (Hexagonal Nipples and Swaged Nipples)

Chemical Composition of Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

Element Composition, %
Carbon 0.35 max
Manganese 0.60-1.05
Phosphorus 0.035 max
Sulfur 0.040 max
Silicon 0.10-0.35
Copper 0.40 max (1)
Nickel 0.40 max (1)
Chromium 0.30 max (1-2)
Molybdenum 0.12 max (1-2)
Vanadium 0.08 max
(1) The sum of copper, nickel, chromium, molybdenum and vanadium shall not exceed 1.00%.
(2) The sum of chromium and molybdenum shall not exceed 0.32%.
Note:
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified carbon maximum (0.35%), an increase of 0.06% manganese above the specified maximum (1.05%) will be permitted up to a maximum of 1.35%.

How to Determine Whether Forging or Casting to be done?

Steel products may be manufactured either by casting or forging steel. Steel casting is the process by which a metal is heated until it reaches a liquid state and then poured into a mold that shapes the desired product. In Steel forging method, steel is physically forced into shape while remaining in a solid state – although it is frequently heated.

    • Forged parts had a 26% higher tensile strength than the cast parts. This means you can have stronger shackles at a lower part weight. The reason behind is when you melt metal to cast it, the grain size is free to expand. When it cools back to a solid, the grain structure is courser and more random, decreasing its strength.
    • Forged parts have a 37% higher fatigue strength resulting in a factor of six longer fatigue lives. This means that a forged shackle is going to last longer.
    • Cast steel only has 66% of the yield strength of forged steel. Yield strength is an indicator of what load a shackle will hold before starting to deform.
    • The forged parts had a 58% reduction in area when pulled to failure. The cast parts only had a 6% reduction in area. That means there would be much greater deformation before failure in a forged part.

Strengths and Weakness of Forging and Casting

Forging Casting
Strength Good Mechanical properties (yield strength, ductility, toughness) Large and complex parts
Reliability (used for critical parts) No liquid metal treatment High production rate
Design flexibility
Weakness Defects Defects
1.    Laps 1.    Shrinkage porosity
2.    Die unfill 2.    Metallic projections
3.    Die failure 3.    Cracks, Hot tearing, Cold shuts
4.    Piping 4.    Laps, Oxides
Shape limited when undercuts or cored sections are required. 5.    Misruns, Insufficient volume
Overall cost usually higher than casting. 6.    Inclusions
Multiple steps often required. Requires close process control and inspections (porosity may occur).

Testing & Inspection of Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)

Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing Hydrostatic Test
Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test
Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177
Micro Test Radiography Test
Macro Test Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)
Hardness Test Ultra Sonic Test (UT)
Pitting Resistance Test Eddy Current Testing
Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test Impact Test
Flaring Test Bend Test
Flattening Test

Inspection

  • Our internal inspection reports would be provided for all the goods before shipment.
  • Buyers or their associates are most welcome to visit us for personal inspect
  • We regularly have inspections ongoing at our premises from internationally acclaimed Inspection Agencies such as TUV, BVIS, SGS, Llyods, DNV etc.

Prices for Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

Prices for carbon steel forged pipe fittings are directly co related to prices of the raw materials such as iron ore, metal scrap, chromium, nickel and various other alloying elements. The production cost of heat resistant stainless steel and nickel alloy plates is high as they contain high amount of nickel and chromium. Meanwhile, mild steel material is among the lowest cost steel available, followed by carbon steel, 400 series stainless steels, aluminium, alloy steel, and 300 series stainless steel. Special alloys such as titanium, Inconel, Monel and Hastelloy cost very high as the nickel, chromium and moly content is very high.

For special and discounted prices for various types of carbon steel forged pipe fittings, please feel free to contact us through email, phone or whatsapp.

We are also regularly publishing our price list for various steel products on our blog.

Documents Provided at the time of Domestic Sales or Export of Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

Certificate of Origin Raw Material Test Reports
Commercial Invoice Heat Treatment Charts
Packing List Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)
Fumigation Certificates NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports
Letter of Guarantee Material Test Certificates
ROHS Certificate Certificate of Compliance/Conformity

Price Basis for Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

We can offer any of the following price basis depending on your requirement:

  • Ex-works
  • FOR Site in India
  • FOB Nhava Sheva
  • CFR, CIF, CPT your destination port
  • Door to Door Delivery Duty Paid as well as Duty Unpaid

Delivery Time of Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

  • If the items are available in stock, we take 2 days from the date of receipt of advance payment to clear the shipment and send it to port.
  • And in-case the items are not available in stock, the time taken for manufacturing depends on the size, quantity and grade.
  • However we can claim the fact that we can compete with anyone in India on Delivery time and most of the time our production time is the least.
  • We have tied up with strong logistic partners in India which can undertake any type of shipping activities and make sure that there is no delay in shipment.

Marking & Packing of Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

  • All our products will have complete marking details which are co-related to the test certificates we supply.
  • In case of orders for cut piece of Pipes, Sheets or Round Bars, the marking is transferred from the product from which it is cut. In such cases we provide Letter confirming the marking transfer and picture of the product from which it is cut.
  • All goods are packed in wooden cases or pallets.

Suppliers of Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings in India

Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Surat, Pune, Jaipur, Visakhapatnam, Kanpur, Nagpur, Lucknow, Thane, Bhopal, Indore, Pimpri Chinchwad, Patna, Vadodara, Ghaziabad, Ludhiana, Agra, Nashik, Faridabad, Meerut, Rajkot, Kalyan-Dombivli, Vasai-Virar, Varanasi, Srinagar, Aurangabad, Dhanbad, Amritsar, Navi Mumbai, Allahabad, Howrah, Ranchi, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Coimbatore, Vijayawada, Jodhpur, Madurai, Raipur, Chandigarh, Guntur, Guwahati, Solapur, Hubli–Dharwad, Mysore, Tiruchirappalli, Bareilly, Moradabad, Tiruppur, Gurgaon, Aligarh, Jalandhar, Bhubaneswar, Salem, Mira-Bhayandar, Warangal, Jalgaon, Kota, Bhiwandi, Saharanpur, Gorakhpur, Bikaner, Amravati, Noida, Jamshedpur, Bhilai, Cuttack, Firozabad, Kochi, Nellore, Bhavnagar, Dehradun, Durgapur, Asansol, Rourkela, Nanded, Kolhapur, Ajmer, Akola, Gulbarga, Jamnagar, Ujjain, Loni, Siliguri, Jhansi, Ulhasnagar, Jammu, Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad, Mangalore, Erode, Belgaum, Ambattur, Tirunelveli, Malegaon, Gaya, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Kakinada, Davanagere, Kozhikode, Maheshtala, Rajpur, Sonarpur, Rajahmundry, Bokaro, South Dumdum, Bellary, Patiala, Gopalpur, Agartala, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bhatpara, Panihati, Latur, Dhule, Tirupati, Rohtak, Sagar, Korba, Bhilwara, Berhampur, Muzaffarpur, Ahmednagar, Mathura, Kollam, Avadi, Kadapa, Kamarhati, Sambalpur, Bilaspur, Shahjahanpur, Satara, Bijapur, Kurnool, Rampur, Shimoga, Chandrapur, Junagadh, Thrissur, Alwar, Bardhaman, Kulti, Nizamabad, Parbhani, Tumkur, Khammam, Ozhukarai, Bihar Sharif, Panipat, Darbhanga, Bally, Aizawl, Dewas, Ichalkaranji, Karnal, Bathinda, Jalna, Eluru, Barasat, Kirari Suleman Nagar, Purnia, Satna, Mau, Sonipat, Farrukhabad, Durg, Imphal, Ratlam, Hapur, Arrah, Anantapur, Karimnagar, Etawah, Ambarnath, North Dumdum, Bharatpur, Begusarai, New Delhi, Gandhidham, Baranagar, Tiruvottiyur, Pondicherry, Sikar, Thoothukudi, Rewa, Mirzapur, Raichur, Pali, Ramagundam, Haridwar, Vijayanagaram, Tenali, Nagercoil, Sri Ganganagar, Karawal Nagar, Mango, Thanjavur, Bulandshahr, Uluberia, Katni, Sambhal, Singrauli, Nadiad, Secunderabad, Naihati, Yamunanagar, Bidhannagar, Pallavaram, Bidar, Munger, Panchkula, Burhanpur, Raurkela Industrial Township, Kharagpur, Dindigul, Gandhinagar, Hospet, Nangloi Jat, Malda, Ongole, Deoghar, Chapra, Haldia, Khandwa, Nandyal, Morena, Amroha, Anand, Bhind, Bhalswa Jahangir Pur, Madhyamgram, Bhiwani, Berhampore, Ambala, Morbi, Fatehpur, Raebareli, Mahaboobnagar, Chittoor, Bhusawal, Orai, Bahraich, Vellore, Mehsana, Raiganj, Sirsa, Danapur, Serampore, Sultan Pur Majra, Guna, Jaunpur, Panvel, Shivpuri, Surendranagar Dudhrej, Unnao, Chinsurah, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Machilipatnam, Shimla. Adoni, Udupi, Katihar, Proddatur, Saharsa, Hindupur, Sasaram, Hajipur, Bhimavaram, Kumbakonam, Dehri, Madanapalle, Siwan, Bettiah, Guntakal, Srikakulam, Motihari, Dharmavaram, Gudivada, Phagwara, Narasaraopet, Suryapet, Miryalaguda, Tadipatri, Karaikudi, Kishanganj, Jamalpur, Ballia, Kavali, Tadepalligudem, Amaravati, Buxar, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Gangtok

Export Sales of Carbon Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

  • America: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • Europe – Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Euro area, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  • Africa – Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Asia – Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Georgia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macao, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
  • Australia – Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu