Alloy Steel Flange Manufacturers, Suppliers, Stockist in India – We Sell ASTM A182 F5, F9, F11, F22, F91 Flanges!

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  • We are India’s leading exporter and manufacturer of alloy steel flanges, with monthly production and sales of over 250 tons. Most of our production of alloy steel flange is exported out of India. In India, we have extensive stock of alloy steel flanges, and we can deliver the goods just in time.
  • As one of the leading alloy steel flange manufacturer in India we can produce high quality flanges in size range of 1/2″ NB to 60″ NB in ASTM A182 F5, F9, F11, F12, F22, and F91 grade. In addition to being the lowest cost supplier of alloy steel flanges, buttweld pipe fittings, and forged pipe fittings; we are also one of the biggest alloy steel seamless pipe manufacturer, stockist, dealer and distributor in India.
  • We are large volume alloy steel flanges manufacturers in India, and are able to give you the best price and quality just in time. Our objective is to achieve highest volume sales, allowing us to offer maximum discount to our customers.
  • All standard size and type in alloy steel flanges are available Ex-stock, and we can offer immediate delivery and inspection for all our goods.
  • Various Types of Alloy Steel Flanges – Alloy Steel Slip On Flanges (SORF Flanges), Alloy Steel Weldneck Flanges (WN Flanges), Alloy Steel Blind Flanges (BLRF Flange), Alloy Steel Socket Weld Flanges, Alloy Steel Orifice Flanges, Alloy Steel High Hub Flanges, Alloy Steel Square Flanges, Alloy Steel Lap Joint Flanges, Alloy Steel Loose Flanges, Alloy Steel Flat Flanges/Plate Flanges, Alloy Steel Ring Type Joint Flanges (RTJ Flanges), Alloy Steel Threaded Flanges, Alloy Steel Expander Flanges, Alloy Steel Spectacle Flange.
Information About Steel Flanges

Manufacturer of Alloy Steel Flanges in India – ASTM A182 F5, F9, F11, F12, F22, F91

Production & Supply Range for Alloy Steel Flanges

Product Alloy Steel Flanges
Product Specification -Alloy Steel Flanges: ASTM/ASME SA/A182 F1, F5, F9, F11, F22, F91
-Low Temperature Alloy Steel Flanges: ASTM/ASME SA/A350 LF1, LF2, LF3
Types of Flanges Anchor Flanges, Blind Flanges, Expander Flanges, High Hub Flanges, Lap Joint Flanges, Long Weld Neck Flanges, Orifice Flanges, Plate Flanges, Ring Type Joint Flanges, Reducing Flanges, Slip On Flanges, Socket Weld Flanges, Spectacle Blind Flanges, Square Flanges, Spades & Ring Spacers, Threaded Flanges, Welding Neck Flanges
Flange Materials Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel, High Alloy Steel, Special Alloy Steel, Nickel Alloys, Aluminium, Copper Nickel
Size Range 1/2”- 60”(or as per customer drawing)
Pressure Ratings 150#, 300#, 600#, 900#, 1500#, 2500#, PN6, PN10, PN16, PN25, PN40, PN64
Dimensional Specifications ANSI/ASME B16.5, B 16.47 Series A & B, B16.48, BS4504, BS 10, EN-1092, DIN, etc.
Surface Finish Sand Blast, Black Painting, Galvanizing Finish
Production Technique Forged, Heat Treated, CNC Machined, Drilled
Test Certificates Test Certificates are available with materials, as per EN 10204 3.1 or 3.2
Inspection Buyer Inspection or Third Party Inspection Acceptable. At Metallica, all fittings and flanges are subject to strict inspection at each stage of the production process, starting from raw material purchasing to product dispatch.
Packing Wooden Pallets, Gunny Bags, Wooden Box, or As per Customer Request
Price and Quality Guarantee 100% Price and Quality Guarantee
Delivery 100% On Time Delivery, 2-3 Days for In Stock Items, 15-30 Days for Volume Products

Chemical Composition Of Alloy Steel Flange

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION ASTM A182 F5, F9, F11, F22

ELEMENT & PROPERTIES LOW ALLOY STEEL MEDIUM ALLOY STEEL
F11 CL2 F22 CL3 F5 F9
CARBON 0.10-0.20 0.05-0.15 0.15 MAX 0.15 MAX
MANGANESE 0.30-0.80 0.30-0.60 0.30-0.60 0.30-0.60
PHOSPHORUS MAX 0.040 0.040 0.03 0.030
SULFUR MAX 0.040 0.040 0.03 0.030
SILICON 0.50-1.00 0.50 MAX 0.50 MAX 0.50-1.00
NICKEL MAX 0.50
CHROMIUM 1.00-1.50 2.00-2.50 4.00-6.00 8.0-10.0
MOLYBDENUM 0.44-0.65 0.87-1.13 0.44-0.65 0.90-1.10
OPPER MA
COLUMBIUM MAX
VANADIUM MAX

Mechanical Properties Of Alloy Steel Flange ASTM A182 F5, F9, F11, F22

ELEMENT & PROPERTIES LOW ALLOY STEEL MEDIUM ALLOY STEEL
F11 CL2 F22 CL3 F5 F9
TENSILE STRENGTH PSI (MPA) 70,000 (485) 75,000 (515) 70,000 (485) 85,000 (585)
YIELD STRENGTH PSI MIN 40,000 (275) 45,000 (310) 40,000 (275) 55,000 (380)
ELONGATION 2” % MIN 20 20 20 20
REDUCTION AREA % MIN 30 30 35 40
HARDNESS (HB) MAX* 143 ~ 207 156 ~ 207 143 ~ 217 179 ~ 217

Effects of Alloying Elements on Steel

•Manganese – strength and hardness; decreases ductility and weldability; effects hardenability of steel.
•Phosphorus – increases strength and hardness and decreases ductility and notch impact toughness of steel.
•Sulfur decreases ductility and notch impact toughness Weldability decreases. Found in the form of sulfide inclusions.
•Silicon – one of the principal deoxidizers used in steel making. In low-carbon steels, silicon is generally detrimental to surface quality.
•Copper – detrimental to hot-working steels; beneficial to corrosion resistance (Cu>0.20%).
•Nickel – ferrite strengthener; increases the hardenability and impact strength of steels.
•Molybdenum –  increases the hardenability; enhances the creep resistance of low-alloy steels.

Types of FlangesWhat are the Various Types of Flanges?

A flange can be characterized and classified in various ways such as:

-Types of Connection
-Flange facing Types
-Pressure Temperature Ratings
-Material Types

Anchor Flanges Long Weld Neck Flanges
Blind Flanges Orifice Flanges
Expander Flanges Welding Neck Flanges
High Hub Flanges Ring Type Joint Flanges (RTJ)
Lap Joint Flanges Plate Flanges
Spades & Ring Spacers Threaded Flanges
Reducing Flanges Slip On Flanges
Socket Weld Flanges Spectacle Blind Flanges
Square Flanges Nipoflanges

The standard type of steel flanges mostly used are:

  • Alloy Steel Welding Neck Flange: This type of flange has a neck that is welded to the end of pipes. It is used for high pressure applications to reduce the concentration of stress. Generally machined from a forging, these flanges are typically butt welded to a pipe. Weld-neck flanges have a higher life expectancy than slip-on flanges under duress.
  • Alloy Steel Slip On Flange: Slip-On flanges or SO flanges are commonly lower in price than weld-neck flanges, and to this effect are a popular choice for many users. These pipe flanges slip over the pipe. They’re manufactured with an inside diameter that is slightly bigger than the pipe’s outside diameter. These attachments are connected to the pipe via fillet weld at the top and bottom of the flange.
  • Alloy Steel Socket Weld Flange: A socket weld flange has a female socket in which pipe is fitted. Fillet welding is done from outside on the pipe. The socket welding flange is similar to a slip-on flange except it has a bore and a counter bore dimension. The counter bore is slightly larger than the O.D. of the matching pipe, allowing the pipe to be inserted into the flange similar to a slip-on flange. The diameter of the smaller bore is the same as the I.D. of the matching pipe A restriction is built into the bottom of the bore which sets as a shoulder for the pipe to rest on. When using a socket weld flange, the inner diameter needs to be the same as the inner diameter of the pipe. The socket flange is only suitable for pipes with a nominal diameter of 150 or less.
  • Alloy Steel Lap Joint Flange: Lap Joint Flanges (LJ Flanges) are used on piping fitted with lapped pipe or with lap joint stub ends the combined initial cost of the two items being approximately one-third higher than that of comparable welding neck flanges. Lap joint flange is having two components, a stub end, and a loose backing flange. Stub end is butt welded to the pipe and Backing flange freely move over the pipe. The backing flange can be of different material than stub material and normally of the carbon steel to save the cost. Lap flange is used where frequent dismantling is required, and space is constrained. The lap joint flange is practically identical to a slip-on flange except it has a radius at the intersection of the bore and flange face. The lap joint flange is practically identical to a slip-on flange except it has a radius at the intersection of the bore and flange face. This radius is necessary to have the flange accommodate a lap joint stub end. Normally, a lap joint flange and a lap joint stub end are mated together is an assembly system.
  • Alloy Steel Threaded Flange: Threaded Flanges are also known as screwed flange, and it is having a thread inside the flange bore which fits on the pipe with matching male thread on the pipe. Threaded flanges are widely demanded as pipe flanges i.e called as threaded pipe flanges used in different industrial applications. This type of joint connection is speedy and simple but not suitable for high presser and temperature applications. Threaded Flanges are mostly used in utility services such as air and water. Threaded (Screwed) flange is similar to the Slip-On flange, but the bore is threaded. Its chief merit is that it can be assembled without welding, explaining its use in low pressure services at ordinary atmospheric temperatures, and in highly explosive areas where welding create a hazard. Threaded flanges are not suitable for use where the temperature of the pipe changes sharply or the temperature is higher than 25°C and lower than -40°C.
  • Alloy Steel Blind Flange: A Blind flange is round plate which has all of the relevant boltholes but no center hole, and because of this feature this flange is used to close off the ends of a piping systems and pressure vessel openings. It also permits easy access to the interior of a line or vessel once it has been sealed and must be reopened. The blind flange is used to close ends of piping systems. It is a kind of round plate with no center hold but with all the proper bolt holes. This blind flange is available in various sizes and materials and is used to provide positive closer on the ends of pipes, valves or equipment nozzles. This flange helps in easy access to a line once it has been sealed. The blind flange is sometimes custom made or machined to accept a nominal sized pipe to which reduction is being made. Blind Flanges are commonly used in petrochemical, pipe engineering, public services & water works. Blind pipe flanges are often used for high pressure applications.

In addition to the most used standard flanges, there are still a number of special steel flanges such as:

  • Alloy Steel Orifice Flange: Orifice flanges are used instead of the standard pipe flanges when orifice plate or flow nozzle is used. In other words, orifice flanges are used with orifice meters. The basic purpose for this is to measuring the flow rate of either gases or liquids in the respective pipeline.
  • Alloy Steel Long Welding Neck Flange: Long weld neck flange(LWN flange) is also call integral flange, it means a welding neck flange has a very long neck. Commonly, the welding neck flange has a tapered neck and a bevel end which is going to butt welding with the matching pipe. But the long weld neck flange, has a straight short pipe as the neck of a long weld neck flange.
  • Alloy Steel Weldoflange & Nipoflange: The Weldoflange and Nipoflange is a combination of a Welding Neck flange and a supposedly Weldolet or Nipolet. The 2 components are manufactured in one piece, and not welded. These flanges are primarily in Branch connections. Furthermore, they have an expanded range of special flanges, fittings and branch connections.
  • Alloy Steel Expander & Reducing Flange: Expanding and reducing flanges are used to increase or decrease the bore size of a pipeline. Expander and reducer flanges are a good alternative to butt weld reducers when the required pipeline bore reduction or increase is small (one or two sizes). For larger size changes, the use of buttweld fittings is recommended.

Selection of the Type of Flange Connection with Pipes

  • Steel pipes can be connected to flanges by welding the pipe with the flange (welded connection, made with weld neck, socket weld, slip on and lap joint flanges) or by screwing the flange onto the pipe (threaded connection, made using threaded flanges).
  • Welded connections are used for pipelines and piping systems featuring high pressures and temperatures, and diameters above 2 inches. Threaded connections are used for small diameter piping systems that are not subject to mechanical forces as expansion, vibration, contraction, oscillation (conditions that would crack the threaded joints). Let’s take a close look at the welded connections types.

Weld Neck Connection (Weld Neck Flanges)

  • Weld-neck flanges have a tapered hub with a butt weld end that can be welded to a butt weld pipe. The quality of the welded joint should be examined by dye penetrant test (DP) or using radiography and/or ultrasounds (UT).
  • The welded connection between a weld neck flange and a pipe features a good fatigue and mechanical stress performance.

Socket Weld Connection (Socket Weld Flanges)

  • Socket weld flanges are most preferred for use in high pressure piping systems generally below 2 inches (DN 50).
  • The pipe is fillet-welded to the hub of the socket weld flange. The quality of weld is of utmost importance in this kind of a flange connection, and appropriate inspection should be done before moving the system into operation.

Slip-On Connection (Slip On Flanges)

  • Slip-on flanges are generally preferred to weld-neck flanges due to their lower cost and installation speed (and ease).
  • The disadvantage of slip on flanges over weld neck flanges is that their strength is about 1/3 lower.
  • Due to lower strength slip on flanges are typically used for low-pressure, non-critical services.
  • The pipe is welded to both the hub and the bore of the flange. Slip-on flanges are used, generally, for pipe sizes greater than NPS 2¹⁄₂ (DN 65).

Lap Joint Connection (Lap Joint Flanges and Stub Ends)

  • This type of connection is sometimes used for pipelines in high-cost materials (as stainless steel and nickel alloys) as it helps to reduce the overall cost of the required flanged connections.
  • A lap joint connection is made by the combination of a stub end (which is the part welded to the pipe) and a backing flange, or lapped flange.

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We are manufacturer of high quality steel flanges and supply high quality flanges in both large and small quantities worldwide and offer you the best prices in the market.

Manufacturing Process for Alloy Steel Flanges

A flange is produced either by forging, casting, cutting, or rolling. We produce flanges mainly by forging, cutting, and rolling process.

Forged Alloy Steel Flange Manufacturing Process

The forging process is usually composed of the following processes, namely, the selection of quality steel billet, heating, forming and cooling.

Flange Manufacturing Process

Flange Manufacturing Process

  1. Inspection of Raw Material – The key raw material for producing flanges is steel billets or hot rolled bars. All raw materials purchased are supplied with test reports as per EN 10204 3.1, with full traceability. It is the first compulsory step in the production process for flanges to guarantee good quality. The raw materials are re-tested inhouse for assurance on chemical composition, mechanical capacity and metallographic analysis.
  2. Cutting Raw Material – Correctly and strictly controlling cutting size and proportion can ensure adequate control on the cost.
  3. Heating – It is a very important step for flange quality. It is the necessary to record the heating temperature in details to avoid overheating. Overheating will destroy the structure of the metal and mechanical properties pf the raw materials.
  4. Forging – Forging process is divided into free forging and die forging. The forging time and strength of flange is different for different pressure class.
  5. Heat Treatment – The purpose of heat treatment is to eliminate the stress inside of flange so that the density is more evenly. Carefully recording the temperature of heat treatment and cooling time are the keys.
  6. Forging Blank Inspection – After the heat treatment process has been carried out, a sample of the lot is chosen to test the chemical composition and mechanical property again to ensure all items are qualified.
  7. Machining of Forged Blanks – In the machining process, the inspection is carried out along with the processing, so that to guarantee each part of flange is qualified. Machining is undertaken on CNC and/or lathe machines.
  8. Finishing Goods Inspection – Finished products will be checked 100% before delivery to ensure the goods are perfect as per ASME, EN or customer standards.
  9. Documentation – The whole production process and quality checks at different levels is documented as per standard operation procedure under ISO compliance. It is the guarantee for good quality.
  10. Test Certificate: Since we are a ISO and PED certified manufacturer, we can issue test certificate as per EN 10204 3.1 for all the goods at the time of delivery and inspection.
  11. Packing: All forgings and flanges are packed in wooden crates or box or pallets to ensure secure movement of goods.

Alloy Steel Plate Cut Flanges Manufacturing Process

  1. The process here is relatively simple, with the key raw material being hot rolled plates. This process is mainly used for producing slip on plate flanges and blind flanges for lower thickness. All plates procured are accompanied with tested certificates as per EN 10204 3.1.
  2. Circles are cut from plates.
  3. Heat treatment is not involved in this process of manufacturing flanges.
  4. Drilling and machining is done on circles to achieve the desired dimensions.
  5. Goods are visually inspected and marked with relevant standards.