Tungsten Product Manufacturers, Stockist – WT10, WT20, WT30, WT40, HA190, HA1925, HA195, HE390, HE395, He3925, HE397 Tungsten Suppliers, Tungsten Carbide

  • All tungsten products offered here are in line with high quality and competitive price. We’re a leading tungsten products manufacturer and distributor in India. Please rest assured to wholesale quality products at stock price from our factory.
  • Metallica is one of the biggest tungsten product supplier and stockist, with over 250 customers in India and overseas. We are bulk producers, suppliers and exporters of tungsten products from factories in India and overseas (USA, Japan, Korea, Europe); and are able to give you the best price and quality just in time.
  • We stock all major forms of tungsten raw material in certain shape, such as tungsten sheet, tungsten plate, tungsten foil, tungsten strip, tungsten pipe, tungsten tube, tungsten bar, tungsten rod, tungsten ring, tungsten target, tungsten round bar, tungsten rectangular bar, tungsten wire and tungsten screws, tungsten alloy, Molybdenum Tungsten alloy, Tungsten copper alloy, WNiFe Tungsten heavy alloy, WNiCu non-magnetic Tungsten heavy alloy, Tungsten TIG rod with different standards available. Being one of the largest volume tungsten supplier, we can guarantee you the lowest prices.
  • At Metallica Metals, we believe in selling in volume and increasing our customer base across the globe, enabling us to work on low margins. We have an extensive trader network across India and the Middle East, who buy from us on a regular basis. In addition to traders, we have many EPC contractors, companies and end users in various industries as our customers for tungsten.
  • With high purity of 99.95% and low pollution, tungsten pipe is mainly used in high temperature furnace, sapphire single crystal furnace and high temperature sintering furnace.
  • With our own production line for Powder Metallurgy, we can manufacture pure Tungsten tube, Tungsten Lanthanum alloy tube, and even Tungsten Tungsten alloy pipe. Diameters range from a few mm to 400mm.
  • We also produce Tungsten as rod, pellets, powder, pieces, granules, ingot, wire, and in compound forms, such as oxide. Other shapes are available by request.
  • The high hardness is another important property of tungsten metal. Tungsten carbide is the major usage of tungsten, tungsten carbide always called the teeth of modern industry.
  • Tungsten carbide has another name as cemented carbide or tungsten cemented carbide, There are so many types of tungsten carbide, the most popular like tungsten carbide cutting tools, tungsten carbide drilling tools, tungsten carbide sealing and tungsten carbide milling tools, the main forms of tungsten carbide are tungsten carbide rods, tungsten carbide tips, tungsten carbide bar, tungsten carbide inserts, tungsten carbide plates, tungsten carbide seals, tungsten carbide buttons, tungsten carbide balls, tungsten carbide pellets and tungsten carbide dies.
Tungsten Manufacturers, Suppliers

Tungsten Manufacturers, Suppliers

Tungsten Dealers, Stockist, Distributors

Tungsten Dealers, Stockist

Production and Stock Range of Tungsten

Material Pure tungsten
Purity ≥99.95%
Size: OD 6.0~200mm, ID: 3.0~180mm, Length: ≤1500
Density 18.2g~19.3g/cm3
Technology  Powder metallurgy

Tungsten Grade Chart

Grade HA 190 HA 1925 HA 195 HE 390 HE 3925 HE 395 HE 397
Aerospace industry standards
ASTM B777-15 Non-magnetic Class 1 Non-magnetic Class 2 Non-magnetic Class 3 Magnetic Class 1 Magnetic Class 2 Magnetic Class 3 Magnetic Class 4
AMS 7725E Type 1 Class 1 Type 1 Class 2 Type 1 Class 3 Type 2 Class 1 Type 2 Class 2 Type 2 Class 3 Type 2 Class 4
Typical properties* Units
Tungsten Nominal % 90 92.5 95 90 92.5 95 97
Binder Ni/Cu Ni/Cu Ni/Cu Ni/Fe Ni/Fe Ni/Fe Ni/Fe
Nominal density g/cm3 17.1 17.5 17.9 17.1 17.5 18.1 18.5
lb/in3 0.62 0.63 0.65 0.62 0.63 0.65 0.67
0.2% proof stress MPa 675 650 680 645 645 660 660
ksi 100 95 100 95 95 95 95
Tensile strength MPa 805 830 805 875 900 910 915
ksi 116 120 116 126 130 131 132
Elongation on 25mm (1″) % 7 9 4 25 27 22 12
Hardness HRC 24 24 24 27 24 24 25

*Properties may vary according to size and shape of part and production conditions. Figures shown are rounded and are typical for coupons (to fig.19 of ASTM E8) measured in accordance with ASTM B777-15; they are offered without warranty or guarantee. It is for the customer to satisfy itself of the suitability of the products for its own particular purposes and environmental conditions.

Tungsten Carbide Grade Chart

Tungsten Carbide Standard Grade Chart
Industry Code FCC Grade Binder Content & Type Hardness (Ra) Hardness (HV30) Density (g/cm3) Minimum Transverse Rupture Strength (psi) Grain Size
General Purpose Grades
C2 FC3 6% Co 92 1585 14.95 3,20,000 Fine
C1 FC4 7.5% Co 91 1460 14.7 3,30,000 Fine
Metal Forming and Wear Grades
C10 FC10 9% Co 90 1360 14.6 3,60,000 Medium
C11 FC11 12% Co 89.5 1315 14.3 3,90,000 Medium
C12 FC12 15% Co 88 1190 14 4,20,000 Medium
C13 FC13 20% Co 85 955 13.6 4,50,000 Medium
C14 FC25 25% Co 83.2 760 13.15 4,35,000 Medium
Submicron Grades
C3 FC3M 6% Co 93 1740 14.95 3,75,000 Submicron
C2 FC10M 10% Co 91.9 1570 14.5 4,50,000 Submicron
C1 FC12M 15% Co 89.5 1315 14 5,30,000 Submicron
Rotary Drilling and Mining Grades
C11 FC10C 10% Co 88.6 1240 14.5 4,00,000 Coarse
C12 FC11C 10% Co 87.8 1175 14.5 4,25,000 Coarse
Corrosion Resistant Grades
FC3N 6% Ni 91 1460 14.95 2,75,000 Fine
FC10N 9% Ni 89.5 1315 14.6 2,90,000 Fine
FC8N 8.5% Ni 91.5 1515 14.5 3,00,000 Fine
FC82 15% Ni+Co 89.9 1355 9 3,10,000 Fine
Special grades to meet specific customer requirements are also available.

Chemical Properties of Tungsten

   MARK OXIDE CONTENT% OTHER IMPURITY % TUNGSTEN % COLOR ELECTRON WORK    FUNCTION  EV
WT10 Tho2 0.8-1.2 <0.2 rest yellow 2.6
WT20 Tho2 1.8-2.2 <0.2 rest red 2.7
WT30 Tho2 2.8-3.2 <0.2 rest purple 3
WT40 Tho2 3.8-4.1 <0.2 rest orange 3.5

Most of tungsten chemical compounds are Tungsten oxides and tungsten trioxides(WO3), tungsten oxides are always named tungsten intermediate products,they are tungstic acid, ammonium paratungstate (APT, tungsten oxide content 88.5% );ammonium metatungstate (AMT), sodium tungstate,yellow tungsten oxide (YTO),blue tungsten oxide (BTO), tungsten trioxide (WO3), violet tungsten oxide (VTO). The other tungsten chemical compounds are most often used industrially as tungsten catalysts, there are tungstic anhydride,pure tungsten oxide, extra pure tungsten oxide (refined tungsten oxide) yellow-green tungsten oxide, Tungstic acid anhydride (Wolframic acid anhydrous, Wolframic acid anhydride), puratronic tungsten(vi) oxide, etc.

Mechanical, Physical and Thermal Properties of Tungsten

Atomic Number 74
Atomic Weight 183.86
 Group Number 6
 Electron Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 6s2 4f14 5d4
CAS Registry Number 7440-33-7
Atomic Volume 9.53
Lattice Type Body Centered Cube
Lattice Constant at 20 ºC, Angstroms 3.1585
Natural Isotopes 180, 182, 183, 184, 186
Density @ 20 ºC (gm/cc) 19.3
Density @ 20 ºC (lb./cu. in.) 0.697
Melting Point ºC 3410
Boiling Point ºC 5530
Linear Coefficient of Expansion per ºC 4.3 x 10E-6
Thermal Conductivity @ 20 ºC (cal/cm/ºC/sec) 0.4
Specific Heat @ 20 ºC (cal/gram/ºC) 0.032
Electronegativity (eV) Pauling 2.36
Electronegativity (eV) Sanderson 0.98
Electronegativity (eV) Allred Rochow 1.4
Electrical Conductivity, % IACS 31
Electrical Resistivity @ 20 ºC (microhm-cm) 5.5
Electrical Resistivity @ 227 ºC (microhm-cm) 10.5
Electrical Resistivity @ 727 ºC (microhm-cm) 24.3
Electrical Resistivity @ 1727 ºC (microhm-cm) 55.7
Electrical Resistivity @ 2727 ºC (microhm-cm) 90.4
Electrical Resistivity @ 3227 ºC (microhm-cm) 108.5
Temperature Coefficient of Electrical Resistivity Per ºC (0 – 100 ºC) 0.0046
Tensile Strength @ Room Temp., psi 100,000 – 500,000
Tensile Strength @ 500 ºC, psi 75,000 – 200,000
Tensile Strength @ 1000 ºC, psi 50,000 – 75,000
Poisson’s Ratio 0.284
Hardness (Mineral) 7.5
Hardness (Vickers) 343
Hardness (Brinell) 2570
 Reflectivity  62%
Total Emissivity @ 1500 ºC 0.23
Total Emissivity @ 2000 ºC 0.28
Working Temperature, ºC <1700
Recrystallization Temperature, ºC 1300 – 1500

What is Tungsten?

Tungsten is known as “wolfram” or “industrial tooth” or “industrial salt” because both of its melting point and specific gravity are much higher than other metals, while its hardness is only second to diamond. Tungsten alloy comes in two ranges – magnetic (the HE range) and non-magnetic (the HA range). With densities up to 18.5gcm, these grades are the prime choice for adding balance weights, ballast or vibration damping mass where space is limited.

The high density of tungsten alloy also delivers effective radiation shielding particularly against X-ray and gamma radiation. We also provide a specialist tungsten alloy grade (HM 490) for hot metal applications which offers good hot wear resistance.

All tungsten alloy grades are reasonably corrosion resistant in both acid and alkaline environments and can easily be plated or painted if necessary. They are easy to clean, non-toxic and non-radioactive.

Tungsten and tungsten products are mainly used in the fields of tungsten steel, tungsten materials, tungsten chemicals and cemented carbide, wherein cemented carbide has the hugest demand for tungsten. The demand of cemented carbide for tungsten occupies 72% in the European market, 66% in the Japanese market and 54% in the Chinese market.

Magnetic tungsten alloy
Manufactured with a binder of iron and nickel, our magnetic alloys have a tungsten content of 90-97% by weight. These are suitable for many situations where a high density material is required.

Non-magnetic tungsten alloys
For non-magnetic alloys, copper and nickel are the binding agents, with a tungsten content in the range of 90-95%. These non-ferromagnetic alloys are used in a variety of applications, including medical scanners.

Technical data
Tungsten alloy conforms to the internationally recognized standard ASTM B777-15 and AMS 7725E the Aerospace Materials Specification. The non-magnetic grades have been proven to be non-magnetic through independent tests.

Properties of Tungsten

  • Tungsten is a lustrous and silvery white metal.
  • The bulk metal resists attack by oxygen, acids and alkalis.
  • Tungsten has the highest melting point of any metal.
  • Tungsten is used in filaments in incandescent light bulbs, it is also used in electric contacts and arc-welding electrodes.
  • Low electronic  function
  • Good  conductivity
  • Good  electron emission ability
  • Good  mechanical cutting performance
  • High  elastic modulus, Low vapor pressure
  • High  recrystallization temperature

Difference Between Tungsten and Titanium

Which material is the strongest depends on where it is going to be used. There may be an application where a high yield strength is vital but the compressive strength is a non-factor. Understanding the application is essential to selecting the proper materials. In terms of tensile strength, tungsten is the strongest out of any natural metal (142,000 psi). But in terms of impact strength, tungsten is weak — it’s a brittle metal that’s known to shatter on impact. Titanium, on the other hand, has a tensile strength of 63,000 psi. But when you figure in titanium’s density and make a pound-for-pound comparison, it beats tungsten. Looking at titanium in terms of compression strength, it scores much lower on the Mohs scale of hardness.

Applications of Tungsten

Cell Phone Tungsten alloy mobile cubes
Watch Tungsten alloy watch bobs
Computers Tungsten alloys heat sinks for PCB
Tungsten alloy heat base for PCB
Dart Sets Tungsten alloy dart billets, tungsten alloy dart barrels
Golf Tungsten alloy golf clubs
Yacht Tungsten alloy yacht balance,
Fishing Tungsten alloy fishing sinkers
Hunting Gun Tungsten alloy shots and hunting gun’s bullets’ balls
Tungsten alloy weights roller for meters,
Racing Car & Motors Tungsten alloy balances for racing car
Tungsten alloy crankshafts for motor & auto engines
Home Tungsten alloy Paper Weight.
Airplane Riveting bucking bars for airplanes,
Submarines Tungsten alloy seals for submarine
Tungsten alloy counterweigh , balance for submarine

*Tungsten Products are also used in Chemical Industries, Cemented Carbide, Alloys, Electronics and Electrical Industries.

Types of Tungsten Products

Tungsten Hollow Pipe Tungsten Heater Molybdenum Heater for High Temperature
Tungsten Seamless Pipe Tungsten Heat Exchanger Tube
Tungsten Bush Hex Pipe Potassium-doped Tungsten Wire
Tungsten Round Pipe Tungsten Welded Pipe
Tungsten Alloy Round Pipe Tungsten Pipe
Tungsten Aero engine tube Tungsten Custom Pipe
Tungsten Alloy Custom Pipe Tungsten Thick Wall Pipe
Tungsten Elliptical and Oval Tube Tungsten Thin Wall Pipe
Tungsten Pipe Fittings Tungsten Forging
Tungsten Carbide Pipes/Tubes Tungsten Fasteners
Tungsten Flex pipe Tungsten Plates, Sheets and Bars
Tungsten Alloy Polished Pipe UNS Tungsten lined pipe
Tungsten Exhaust Pipe Tungsten Micro Tube
Tungsten Bar/Billet Tungsten Wire/Welding Wire
Tungsten Boiler Tube Tungsten Coil Tubing
Tungsten Capillary Tube Tungsten U Shaped Tube
Tungsten Carbide Rods Precision Tungsten Tubing
Tungsten Suppliers Tungsten Pipe Manufacturers
Tungsten Ingots Tungsten Foil
Tungsten Metals Tungsten Crucibles

Testing & Inspection of Tungsten Products

Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)

Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing Hydrostatic Test
Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test
Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177
Micro Test Radiography Test
Macro Test Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)
Hardness Test Ultra Sonic Test (UT)
Pitting Resistance Test Eddy Current Testing
Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test Impact Test
Flaring Test Bend Test
Flattening Test

Inspection

  • Our internal inspection reports would be provided for all the goods before shipment.
  • Buyers or their associates are most welcome to visit us for personal inspect
  • We regularly have inspections ongoing at our premises from internationally acclaimed Inspection Agencies such as TUV, BVIS, SGS, Llyods, DNV etc.

Prices for Tungsten Materials

Prices for Tungsten materials are directly co related to prices of the raw materials such as iron ore, metal scrap, chromium, nickel and various other alloying elements. The production cost of heat resistant stainless steel and nickel alloy plates is high as they contain high amount of nickel and chromium. Meanwhile, mild steel material is among the lowest cost steel available, followed by carbon steel, 400 series stainless steels, aluminium, alloy steel, and 300 series stainless steel. Special alloys such as titanium, Inconel, Monel and Hastelloy cost very high as the nickel, chromium and moly content is very high.

For special and discounted prices for various types of Tungsten products, please feel free to contact us through email, phone or whatsapp.

We are also regularly publishing our price list for various steel products on our blog.

Documents Provided – Domestic Sales or Export of Tungsten Products

Certificate of Origin Raw Material Test Reports
Commercial Invoice Heat Treatment Charts
Packing List Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)
Fumigation Certificates NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports
Letter of Guarantee Material Test Certificates
ROHS Certificate Certificate of Compliance/Conformity

Price Terms for Tungsten Materials

We can offer any of the following price basis depending on your requirement:

  • Ex-works
  • FOR Site in India
  • FOB Nhava Sheva
  • CFR, CIF, CPT your destination port
  • Door to Door Delivery Duty Paid as well as Duty Unpaid

Delivery Time of Tungsten Materials

  • If the items are available in stock, we take 2 days from the date of receipt of advance payment to clear the shipment and send it to port.
  • And in-case the items are not available in stock, the time taken for manufacturing depends on the size, quantity and grade.
  • However we can claim the fact that we can compete with anyone in India on Delivery time and most of the time our production time is the least.
  • We have tied up with strong logistic partners in India which can undertake any type of shipping activities and make sure that there is no delay in shipment.

Marking & Packing of Tungsten Materials

  • All our products will have complete marking details which are co-related to the test certificates we supply.
  • In case of orders for cut piece of Pipes, Sheets or Round Bars, the marking is transferred from the product from which it is cut. In such cases we provide Letter confirming the marking transfer and picture of the product from which it is cut.
  • All goods are packed in wooden cases or pallets.

Suppliers of Tungsten Materials in India

Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Surat, Pune, Jaipur, Visakhapatnam, Kanpur, Nagpur, Lucknow, Thane, Bhopal, Indore, Pimpri Chinchwad, Patna, Vadodara, Ghaziabad, Ludhiana, Agra, Nashik, Faridabad, Meerut, Rajkot, Kalyan-Dombivli, Vasai-Virar, Varanasi, Srinagar, Aurangabad, Dhanbad, Amritsar, Navi Mumbai, Allahabad, Howrah, Ranchi, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Coimbatore, Vijayawada, Jodhpur, Madurai, Raipur, Chandigarh, Guntur, Guwahati, Solapur, Hubli–Dharwad, Mysore, Tiruchirappalli, Bareilly, Moradabad, Tiruppur, Gurgaon, Aligarh, Jalandhar, Bhubaneswar, Salem, Mira-Bhayandar, Warangal, Jalgaon, Kota, Bhiwandi, Saharanpur, Gorakhpur, Bikaner, Amravati, Noida, Jamshedpur, Bhilai, Cuttack, Firozabad, Kochi, Nellore, Bhavnagar, Dehradun, Durgapur, Asansol, Rourkela, Nanded, Kolhapur, Ajmer, Akola, Gulbarga, Jamnagar, Ujjain, Loni, Siliguri, Jhansi, Ulhasnagar, Jammu, Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad, Mangalore, Erode, Belgaum, Ambattur, Tirunelveli, Malegaon, Gaya, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Kakinada, Davanagere, Kozhikode, Maheshtala, Rajpur, Sonarpur, Rajahmundry, Bokaro, South Dumdum, Bellary, Patiala, Gopalpur, Agartala, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bhatpara, Panihati, Latur, Dhule, Tirupati, Rohtak, Sagar, Korba, Bhilwara, Berhampur, Muzaffarpur, Ahmednagar, Mathura, Kollam, Avadi, Kadapa, Kamarhati, Sambalpur, Bilaspur, Shahjahanpur, Satara, Bijapur, Kurnool, Rampur, Shimoga, Chandrapur, Junagadh, Thrissur, Alwar, Bardhaman, Kulti, Nizamabad, Parbhani, Tumkur, Khammam, Ozhukarai, Bihar Sharif, Panipat, Darbhanga, Bally, Aizawl, Dewas, Ichalkaranji, Karnal, Bathinda, Jalna, Eluru, Barasat, Kirari Suleman Nagar, Purnia, Satna, Mau, Sonipat, Farrukhabad, Durg, Imphal, Ratlam, Hapur, Arrah, Anantapur, Karimnagar, Etawah, Ambarnath, North Dumdum, Bharatpur, Begusarai, New Delhi, Gandhidham, Baranagar, Tiruvottiyur, Pondicherry, Sikar, Thoothukudi, Rewa, Mirzapur, Raichur, Pali, Ramagundam, Haridwar, Vijayanagaram, Tenali, Nagercoil, Sri Ganganagar, Karawal Nagar, Mango, Thanjavur, Bulandshahr, Uluberia, Katni, Sambhal, Singrauli, Nadiad, Secunderabad, Naihati, Yamunanagar, Bidhannagar, Pallavaram, Bidar, Munger, Panchkula, Burhanpur, Raurkela Industrial Township, Kharagpur, Dindigul, Gandhinagar, Hospet, Nangloi Jat, Malda, Ongole, Deoghar, Chapra, Haldia, Khandwa, Nandyal, Morena, Amroha, Anand, Bhind, Bhalswa Jahangir Pur, Madhyamgram, Bhiwani, Berhampore, Ambala, Morbi, Fatehpur, Raebareli, Mahaboobnagar, Chittoor, Bhusawal, Orai, Bahraich, Vellore, Mehsana, Raiganj, Sirsa, Danapur, Serampore, Sultan Pur Majra, Guna, Jaunpur, Panvel, Shivpuri, Surendranagar Dudhrej, Unnao, Chinsurah, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Machilipatnam, Shimla. Adoni, Udupi, Katihar, Proddatur, Saharsa, Hindupur, Sasaram, Hajipur, Bhimavaram, Kumbakonam, Dehri, Madanapalle, Siwan, Bettiah, Guntakal, Srikakulam, Motihari, Dharmavaram, Gudivada, Phagwara, Narasaraopet, Suryapet, Miryalaguda, Tadipatri, Karaikudi, Kishanganj, Jamalpur, Ballia, Kavali, Tadepalligudem, Amaravati, Buxar, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Gangtok

Exporters of Tungsten Materials

  • America: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • Europe – Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Euro area, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  • Africa – Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Asia – Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Georgia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macao, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
  • Australia – Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu