Carbon Steel Boiler Tube Manufacturers, Suppliers & Stockist – ASTM A53, A106, A179, A192, A530, API 5L, IS 1239, IS 3589 Carbon Steel Dealers in India!

ASTM A53/ASME SA53 Grade A Boiler Tube ASTM A53/ASME SA53 Grade B Boiler Tube
ASTM A106/ASME SA106 Grade C Boiler Tube ASTM A179/ASME SA179 Boiler Tube
ASTM A210/ASME SA210 Grade C Boiler Tube EN 10216-1 P235TR1 Boiler Tube
ASTM A519 Grade 1020 Boiler Tube ASTM A519 Grade 1035 Boiler Tube
DIN 1629 St44.0 Boiler Tube DIN 1629 St52.0 Boiler Tube
DIN 2391 St52.0 Boiler Tube DIN 17175 St35.8 Boiler Tube
EN 10305-1 E235 Boiler Tube EN 10305-1 E355 Boiler Tube
ASTM A106/ASME SA106 Grade A Boiler Tube ASTM A106/ASME SA106 Grade B Boiler Tube
ASTM A192/ASME SA192 Boiler Tube ASTM A210/ASME SA210 Grade A1 Boiler Tube
ASTM A519 Grade 1045 Boiler Tube ASTM A519 Grade 1010 Boiler Tube
DIN 17175 St45.8 Boiler Tube DIN 1629 St37.0 Boiler Tube
DIN 2391 St35.0 Boiler Tube DIN 2391 St45.0 Boiler Tube
  • Carbon steel boiler tube are manufactured in all types of materials and grades. We stock all major grades of carbon steel boiler tube such as ASME SA 53 Grade B, ASME SA 106 Grade B and API 5L – PSL 1 Gr. A, B, X42, X46, X52, X56, X60, X65, X70, ASTM A179, ASTM A192, ASTM A210, ASTM A519 in size range from 10.00 mm to 76.00 mm OD, with thickness ranging from 0.30 mm to 6.00 mm.
  • Boiler steel pipes and tubes are most widely used for manufacturing water cooled wall panel, economizer, reheater, superheater and steam pipeline of boilers in the industry of petrochemical and power. Boiler pipes and tubes are often used in severe environments and are required to have high strength and superior corrosion resistance. The manufacturing process for seamless boiler steel tubes does not include any welding, due to which they are considered to be stronger and more reliable. Boiler steel tubes are suitable for withstanding pressure better than other types of pipes. Boilers that operate higher than 15 psig are called “high-pressure” boilers.
  • Applications of Carbon Steel Boiler Tube:- Carbon steel boiler tube supplied by Metallica, are widely used for various structural and architectural applications. We manufacture and supply carbon steel pipes and tubes for critical applications in industries like oil & gas, aviation, aerospace, petrochemical, natural gas, paper making, industrial gas, heat exchanger and others.
  • Metallica manufactures a wide range of carbon steel boiler tube and executes supplies in both seamless and welded form, from stock and production. Our stock consists of boiler tube in size ranging from ½” to 24″. All our products are primarily produced or formed in India, and can also be supplied from European, Korea or Japanese manufacturers.
  • We are considered one of the biggest carbon steel boiler tube supplier and manufacturer in India, with over 250 customers in India and overseas. We are bulk buyers and exporters of carbon steel boiler tube, seamless pipes, plates, fittings and flanges from our factory in India, and are able to give you the best price and quality just in time.
  • Being one of the largest volume carbon steel boiler tube supplier in Mumbai, we can guarantee you the lowest prices.
  • At Metallica Metals, we believe in selling in volume and increasing our customer base across the globe, enabling us to work on low margins. We have an extensive trader network across India and the Middle East, who buy from us on a regular basis.
  • In addition to traders, we have many EPC contractors, companies and end users in various industries as our customers for carbon steel. We are leading carbon steel boiler tube suppliers for various applications ranging from low/medium/high pressure or temperatures.

Stock Range of Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes

Product Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes
Pipe Standards ASTM A106, ASTM A530, ASTM A210, ASTM A179, ASTM A192
Typical Size Range (17′ – 24′) and in double random length (36′ – 44′)
Technology Hot Rolled, Cold Drawn, Extruded, Cold Finished, Heat Treated
Finish Annealed & pickled, Bright Annealing, Polished
Markings Heat Number, Size, Grade, Manufacturing Spec., Commodity Name or as per customer request
Testing & Inspections Chemical Component Analysis, Mechanical Properties (Ultimate tensile strength, Yield strength, Elongation), Technical Properties (Flattening Test, Bending Test,  Hardness Test, Impact Test), Exterior Size Inspection, Hydrostatic Test, NDT TEST ( ET TEST, UT TEST), Third Party Inspection
Pipe Ends Square Ends (straight cut, saw cut, and torch cut), or Beveled for welding
Packing Plastic Plugs in Both Ends, Hexagonal Bundles of Max. 2,000kg with Several Steel Strips, Plastic End Caps
  • Email Us on info@metallicametals.com for best prices on various types of Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe/Tube, ASTM A179 Boiler Tube, ASTM A210 Boiler Tube, ASTM A106 Grade B Boiler Tube, ASTM A530 Boiler Tube
  • Marking: Heat Number, Size, Grade, Manufacturing Spec., Commodity Name or as per customer request

Chemical & Mechanical Properties of Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes

Standard Grade Chemical Components (%) Mechanical Properties
C Si Mn P S Tensile Strength (Mpa) Yield Strength(Mpa)
ASTM A53 A ≤0.25 ≤0.95 ≤0.05 ≤0.06 ≥330 ≥205
B ≤0.30 ≤1.2 ≤0.05 ≤0.06 ≥415 ≥240
ASTM A106 A ≤0.30 ≥0.10 0.29-1.06 ≤0.035 ≤0.035 ≥415 ≥240
B ≤0.35 ≥0.10 0.29-1.06 ≤0.035 ≤0.035 ≥485 ≥275
ASTM A179 A179 0.06-0.18 0.27-0.63 ≤0.035 ≤0.035 ≥325 ≥180
ASTM A192 A192 0.06-0.18 ≤0.25 0.27-0.63 ≤0.035 ≤0.035 ≥325 ≥180
API 5L PSL1 A 0.22 0.9 0.03 0.03 ≥331 ≥207
B 0.28 1.2 0.03 0.03 ≥414 ≥241
X42 0.28 1.3 0.03 0.03 ≥414 ≥290
X46 0.28 1.4 0.03 0.03 ≥434 ≥317
X52 0.28 1.4 0.03 0.03 ≥455 ≥359
X56 0.28 1.4 0.03 0.03 ≥490 ≥386
X60 0.28 1.4 0.03 0.03 ≥517 ≥448
X65 0.28 1.4 0.03 0.03 ≥531 ≥448
X70 0.28 1.4 0.03 0.03 ≥565 ≥483
API 5L PSL2 B 0.24 1.2 0.025 0.015 ≥414 ≥241
X42 0.24 1.3 0.025 0.015 ≥414 ≥290
X46 0.24 1.4 0.025 0.015 ≥434 ≥317
X52 0.24 1.4 0.025 0.015 ≥455 ≥359
X56 0.24 1.4 0.025 0.015 ≥490 ≥386
X60 0.24 1.4 0.025 0.015 ≥517 ≥414
X65 0.24 1.4 0.025 0.015 ≥531 ≥448
X70 0.24 1.4 0.025 0.015 ≥565 ≥483
X80 0.24 1.4 0.025 0.015 ≥621 ≥552

Types of Carbon Steel Boiler Pipes & Tubes

Standard Description
ASTM A179/A179M Seamless cold drawn low alloy steel heat exchanger and condenser tubes.
API 5L Line pipe.
ASTM A53M Black & Zinc Coated Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe.
ASTM A106M Seamless carbon steel pipe for high temperature service.
ASTM A105M Carbon steel forgings for piping applications.
ASTM A234M Piping fittings of wrought carbon steel and alloy steel for moderate and high temperature service.
ASTM 3799 Steel pipe fittings, screwed and socket weldability for the petroleum industry.
AS 1163 Structural steel hollow sections
AS 1074 Steel tubes and tubulars for ordinary service
BS13872 Screwed and socketed steel tube and tubulars
EN10241 Steel threaded pipe fittings

Manufacturing Process for Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe/Tubes

The carbon steel boiler pipe/tubes are manufactured by piercing process followed by pilgering/drawing. Our facilities are equipped with all the machines required to cover the process with a high quality results (piercing, pilger machines, draw benches, straightening machine, degreasing facility and solution annealing furnace).

All seamless carbon steel boiler pipe/tubes are manufactured by cold drawing and cold rolling process followed by annealing, straightening and testing. The tolerance of tubes produced by us in line with ASME/ASTM & EN Standards. We promise each high pressure pipe/tube that we deliver to our client will be the best in quality. All shipments include a full Test Certificate showing all required test results and verifying compliance with the order requirements.

  1. Cold Rolling – Tube rolling uses compression to reduce the size of seamless boiler pipe/tubes. It utilizes one or two sets of rolls with constant cross-section grooves on the circumference of the tube. The rolls are driven by rack and pinion gears of different radii along profiled cams, completing multiple 360º rotations around the tube. Tube rolling is a very precise method of reducing very thin walled and/or smaller diameter tubes, and is often used as the final cold working step. By rolling, we’re able to achieve exceptional control over dimensional tolerances and surface finish while also minimizing material loss and improving the metal’s microstructure.
  2. Cold Drawing – Cold drawing reduces the diameter by pulling the tube through a die that is smaller than the tube. In order to fit the tube into the die, one end is swaged thereby reducing the diameter of the leading end before drawing. Next, the narrowed end is passed through the die and clamped to a drawing trolley which pulls the tube through the die.
  3. Annealing – Annealing is used to soften the metal before further cold working or fabrication processes, and improves the overall metallurgical microstructure of the tube. During tube reduction or cold drawing, it can become hard and somewhat brittle. To be able to draw the tube again, stresses formed during cold working need to be removed to return the material to its normal state. During annealing the tube is heated to a controlled temperature and soak time. Through this process the tube remains in shape, but the grains in the structure of the tube reform into a regular unstressed pattern. The resulting annealed tube is softer and suitable for redrawing
  4. Straightening – Drawing and annealing generally results in some degree of bowing, producing a slight bend in the tubing. In order to make the tubes straight, we use multiple roll mechanical straighteners to implement this procedure, Straightening can introduce slight changes to the size and mechanical properties of the tubing, so these aspects are very carefully controlled during the process.
  5. Inspection and Tests – At each manufacturing stage, boiler pipe/tubes are submitted to a visual and dimensional inspection. They are also submitted to Eddy current test (straight tubes) or, if requested, to other non destructive tests in accordance with the requirements of the standards. Mechanical tests, along with flaring and flattening tests, are performed on samples of each order as per the reference standards. We inspect all lots of high pressure tubing before shipment to ensure that every aspect of the customer’s order has been met. Our in-house inspection and tests capabilities include:
    • Chemical Composition Test
    • Visual inspection
    • Dimensional inspection
    • Surface roughness testing
    • Eddy Current testing
    • Hydrostatic pressure testing
    • Destructive mechanical testing:
      • Yield Strength
      • Tensile Strength
      • Elongation
      • Hardness testing
      • Bending, flattening, and flaring
Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe Manufacturers

Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes in India and Worldwide

Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe Suppliers

Mild Steel Boiler Tube Suppliers in India and Worldwide

Stainless Steel Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Stainless Steel 304/304L Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 304H Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 310/310S Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 316/316L Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 316Ti Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 317/317L Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 321/321H Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 347 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 347H Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 410 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 446 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Stainless Steel 904L Boiler Pipe/Tube

Alloy Steel Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Alloy Steel T1 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Alloy Steel T2 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Alloy Steel T5/T5b/T5c Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Alloy Steel T9 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Alloy Steel T11 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Alloy Steel T12 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Alloy Steel T22 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Alloy Steel T23 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Alloy Steel T91 Boiler Pipe/Tube

Hastelloy Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Hastelloy C22 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Hastelloy C276 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Hastelloy B2 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Hastelloy B3 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Hastelloy X Boiler Pipe/Tube

Nickel Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Nickel 200 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Nickel 201 Boiler Pipe/Tube

Special Alloy Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Alloy 20 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • SMO 254 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • AISI 4130 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Aluminum Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Copper Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Brass Boiler Pipe/Tube

Duplex Steel Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Duplex Steel S31803 / S32205 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Super Duplex Steel S32750/ S32760 Boiler Pipe/Tube

Titanium Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Titanium Gr 2 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Titanium Gr 5 Boiler Pipe/Tube

Inconel Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Inconel 600 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Inconel 601 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Inconel 625 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Inconel 718 Boiler Pipe/Tube

Incoloy Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Incoloy 800 / 800H / 800HT Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Incoloy 825 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Incoloy 925 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Incoloy 330/ SS 330/ Ra 330 Boiler Pipe/Tube

Monel Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Monel 400 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Monel K500 Boiler Pipe/Tube

Cupro Nickel Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • Cupro Nickel 90 / 10 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • Cupro Nickel 70 / 30 Boiler Pipe/Tube

Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe/Tube

  • ASTM A192 / ASME SA192 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • ASTM A179 / ASME SA179 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • ASTM A210 / ASME SA210 GR. A1 Boiler Pipe/Tube
  • ASTM A210 / ASME SA210 GR. C Boiler Pipe/Tube

Testing & Inspection of Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe/Tubes

Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)

Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing Hydrostatic Test
Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test
Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177
Micro Test Radiography Test
Macro Test Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)
Hardness Test Ultra Sonic Test (UT)
Pitting Resistance Test Eddy Current Testing
Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test Impact Test
Flaring Test Bend Test
Flattening Test

Inspection

  • Our internal inspection reports would be provided for all the goods before shipment.
  • Buyers or their associates are most welcome to visit us for personal inspect
  • We regularly have inspections ongoing at our premises from internationally acclaimed Inspection Agencies such as TUV, BVIS, SGS, Llyods, DNV etc.

Prices for Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe/Tubes

Prices for carbon steel boiler pipe/tube or tubing products are directly co related to prices of the raw materials such as iron ore, metal scrap, chromium, nickel and various other alloying elements. The production cost of heat resistant stainless steel and nickel alloy boiler pipe/tubes is high as they contain high amount of nickel and chromium. Meanwhile, mild steel material is among the lowest cost steel available, followed by carbon steel, 400 series stainless steels, aluminum, alloy steel, and 300 series stainless steel. Special alloys such as titanium, Inconel, Monel and Hastelloy cost very high as the nickel, chromium and moly content is very high.

For special and discounted prices for various types of seamless and welded carbon steel boiler pipe/tube products, please feel free to contact us through email, phone or whatsapp.

We are also regularly publishing our price list for various carbon steel products on our blog.

Documents Provided – Domestic Sales or Export of Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe/Tubes

Certificate of Origin Raw Material Test Reports
Commercial Invoice Heat Treatment Charts
Packing List Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)
Fumigation Certificates NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports
Letter of Guarantee Material Test Certificates
ROHS Certificate Certificate of Compliance/Conformity

Price Terms for Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe/Tubes

We can offer any of the following price basis depending on your requirement:

  • Ex-works
  • FOR Site in India
  • FOB Nhava Sheva
  • CFR, CIF, CPT your destination port
  • Door to Door Delivery Duty Paid as well as Duty Unpaid

Delivery Time of Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe/Tubes

  • If the items are available in stock, we take 2 days from the date of receipt of advance payment to clear the shipment and send it to port.
  • And in-case the items are not available in stock, the time taken for manufacturing depends on the size, quantity and grade.
  • However we can claim the fact that we can compete with anyone in India on Delivery time and most of the time our production time is the least.
  • We have tied up with strong logistic partners in India which can undertake any type of shipping activities and make sure that there is no delay in shipment.

Marking & Packing of Carbon Steel Boiler Pipe/Tubes

  • All our products will have complete marking details which are co-related to the test certificates we supply.
  • In case of orders for cut piece of Pipes, Sheets or Round Bars, the marking is transferred from the product from which it is cut. In such cases we provide Letter confirming the marking transfer and picture of the product from which it is cut.
  • All goods are packed in wooden cases or pallets.

Suppliers of Boiler Pipe/Tubes in India

Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Surat, Pune, Jaipur, Visakhapatnam, Kanpur, Nagpur, Lucknow, Thane, Bhopal, Indore, Pimpri Chinchwad, Patna, Vadodara, Ghaziabad, Ludhiana, Agra, Nashik, Faridabad, Meerut, Rajkot, Kalyan-Dombivli, Vasai-Virar, Varanasi, Srinagar, Aurangabad, Dhanbad, Amritsar, Navi Mumbai, Allahabad, Howrah, Ranchi, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Coimbatore, Vijayawada, Jodhpur, Madurai, Raipur, Chandigarh, Guntur, Guwahati, Solapur, Hubli–Dharwad, Mysore, Tiruchirappalli, Bareilly, Moradabad, Tiruppur, Gurgaon, Aligarh, Jalandhar, Bhubaneswar, Salem, Mira-Bhayandar, Warangal, Jalgaon, Kota, Bhiwandi, Saharanpur, Gorakhpur, Bikaner, Amravati, Noida, Jamshedpur, Bhilai, Cuttack, Firozabad, Kochi, Nellore, Bhavnagar, Dehradun, Durgapur, Asansol, Rourkela, Nanded, Kolhapur, Ajmer, Akola, Gulbarga, Jamnagar, Ujjain, Loni, Siliguri, Jhansi, Ulhasnagar, Jammu, Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad, Mangalore, Erode, Belgaum, Ambattur, Tirunelveli, Malegaon, Gaya, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Kakinada, Davanagere, Kozhikode, Maheshtala, Rajpur, Sonarpur, Rajahmundry, Bokaro, South Dumdum, Bellary, Patiala, Gopalpur, Agartala, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bhatpara, Panihati, Latur, Dhule, Tirupati, Rohtak, Sagar, Korba, Bhilwara, Berhampur, Muzaffarpur, Ahmednagar, Mathura, Kollam, Avadi, Kadapa, Kamarhati, Sambalpur, Bilaspur, Shahjahanpur, Satara, Bijapur, Kurnool, Rampur, Shimoga, Chandrapur, Junagadh, Thrissur, Alwar, Bardhaman, Kulti, Nizamabad, Parbhani, Tumkur, Khammam, Ozhukarai, Bihar Sharif, Panipat, Darbhanga, Bally, Aizawl, Dewas, Ichalkaranji, Karnal, Bathinda, Jalna, Eluru, Barasat, Kirari Suleman Nagar, Purnia, Satna, Mau, Sonipat, Farrukhabad, Durg, Imphal, Ratlam, Hapur, Arrah, Anantapur, Karimnagar, Etawah, Ambarnath, North Dumdum, Bharatpur, Begusarai, New Delhi, Gandhidham, Baranagar, Tiruvottiyur, Pondicherry, Sikar, Thoothukudi, Rewa, Mirzapur, Raichur, Pali, Ramagundam, Haridwar, Vijayanagaram, Tenali, Nagercoil, Sri Ganganagar, Karawal Nagar, Mango, Thanjavur, Bulandshahr, Uluberia, Katni, Sambhal, Singrauli, Nadiad, Secunderabad, Naihati, Yamunanagar, Bidhannagar, Pallavaram, Bidar, Munger, Panchkula, Burhanpur, Raurkela Industrial Township, Kharagpur, Dindigul, Gandhinagar, Hospet, Nangloi Jat, Malda, Ongole, Deoghar, Chapra, Haldia, Khandwa, Nandyal, Morena, Amroha, Anand, Bhind, Bhalswa Jahangir Pur, Madhyamgram, Bhiwani, Berhampore, Ambala, Morbi, Fatehpur, Raebareli, Mahaboobnagar, Chittoor, Bhusawal, Orai, Bahraich, Vellore, Mehsana, Raiganj, Sirsa, Danapur, Serampore, Sultan Pur Majra, Guna, Jaunpur, Panvel, Shivpuri, Surendranagar Dudhrej, Unnao, Chinsurah, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Machilipatnam, Shimla. Adoni, Udupi, Katihar, Proddatur, Saharsa, Hindupur, Sasaram, Hajipur, Bhimavaram, Kumbakonam, Dehri, Madanapalle, Siwan, Bettiah, Guntakal, Srikakulam, Motihari, Dharmavaram, Gudivada, Phagwara, Narasaraopet, Suryapet, Miryalaguda, Tadipatri, Karaikudi, Kishanganj, Jamalpur, Ballia, Kavali, Tadepalligudem, Amaravati, Buxar, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Gangtok

Exporters of Boiler Pipe/Tubes

  • America: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • Europe – Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Euro area, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  • Africa – Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Asia – Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Georgia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macao, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
  • Australia – Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu