Stock & Production Range of Stainless Steel 310/310S Materials
|Product||Stainless Steel 310/310S|
|Equivalents||AISI 310, AISI 310S, UNS S31000, UNS S31008, WNR. 1.4841, 1.4845|
|Items||Pipe, Tubes, Tubing, Fittings, Flanges, Valves, Fasteners|
|Size||6mm to 610mm, 1/2″ NB to 48″ NB|
|Pipe Type||Seamless, Welded, ERW, Fabricated, Custom Size Pipes|
|Specifications||ASTM, ASME, DIN, GOST, JIS|
|Certification||EN 10204 3.1|
|Fittings Type||Butt Weld, Screwed & Socket Weld, Flanges, Instrumentation|
|Other Fittings||Elbows, Tees, Reducers, Caps, Stub Ends, Flanges (ANSI, Table E, D and H), Nuts, Bolts, Screws, Threaded Bars|
Full Range of Stainless Steel 310/310S Products
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Pipes||Stainless Steel 310/310S Seamless Pipes|
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Welded Pipes||Stainless Steel 310/310S Square Pipes|
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Flanges||Stainless Steel 310/310S Buttweld Fittings|
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Forged Fittings||SS 310/310S Socket Weld Pipe Fittings|
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Threaded Fittings||Stainless Steel 310/310S Fasteners|
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Nuts & Bolts||Stainless Steel 310/310S U Bends & Tubes|
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Valves||Stainless Steel 310/310S Tubes|
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Furnace Tubes||Stainless Steel 310/310S Seamless Tubing|
|SS 310/310S Heat Exchanger Tubes||Stainless Steel 310/310S Large Dia. Pipes|
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Boiler Tubes||SS 310/310S High Pressure Pipes|
|Stainless Steel 310/310S Forgings||SS 310/310S High Temperature Pipes|
Testing & Inspection of Stainless Steel 310/310S Materials
Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)
|Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing||Hydrostatic Test|
|Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis||Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test|
|Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area||Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177|
|Micro Test||Radiography Test|
|Macro Test||Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)|
|Hardness Test||Ultra Sonic Test (UT)|
|Pitting Resistance Test||Eddy Current Testing|
|Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test||Impact Test|
|Flaring Test||Bend Test|
- Our internal inspection reports would be provided for all the goods before shipment.
- Buyers or their associates are most welcome to visit us for personal inspect
- We regularly have inspections ongoing at our premises from internationally acclaimed Inspection Agencies such as TUV, BVIS, SGS, Llyods, DNV etc.
Prices for Stainless Steel 310/310S Materials
Prices for stainless steel 310/310S materials are directly co related to prices of the raw materials such as iron ore, metal scrap, chromium, nickel and various other alloying elements. The production cost of heat resistant stainless steel and nickel alloy plates is high as they contain high amount of nickel and chromium. Meanwhile, mild steel material is among the lowest cost steel available, followed by carbon steel, 400 series stainless steels, aluminium, alloy steel, and 300 series stainless steel. Special alloys such as titanium, Inconel, Monel and Hastelloy cost very high as the nickel, chromium and moly content is very high.
For special and discounted prices for various types of stainless steel 310/310S products, please feel free to contact us through email, phone or whatsapp.
We are also regularly publishing our price list for various steel products on our blog.
Documents Provided at the time of Domestic Sales or Export of Stainless Steel 310/310S Products
|Certificate of Origin||Raw Material Test Reports|
|Commercial Invoice||Heat Treatment Charts|
|Packing List||Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)|
|Fumigation Certificates||NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports|
|Letter of Gurantee||Material Test Certificates|
|ROHS Certificate||Certificate of Compliance/Conformity|
Price Basis for Stainless Steel 310/310S Materials
We can offer any of the following price basis depending on your requirement:
- FOR Site in India
- FOB Nhava Sheva
- CFR, CIF, CPT your destination port
- Door to Door Delivery Duty Paid as well as Duty Unpaid
Delivery Time of Stainless Steel 310/310S Materials
- If the items are available in stock, we take 2 days from the date of receipt of advance payment to clear the shipment and send it to port.
- And in-case the items are not availabe in stock, the time taken for manufacturing depends on the size, quantity and grade.
- However we can claim the fact that we can compete with anyone in India on Delivery time and most of the time our production time is the least.
- We have tied up with strong logistic partners in India which can undertake any type of shipping activities and make sure that there is no delay in shipment.
Marking & Packing of Stainless Steel 310/310S Materials
- All our products will have complete marking details which are co-related to the test certificates we supply.
- In case of orders for cut piece of Pipes, Sheets or Round Bars, the marking is transferred from the product from which it is cut. In such cases we provide Letter confirming the marking transfer and picture of the product from which it is cut.
- All goods are packed in wooden cases or pallets.
Abut Stainless Steel 310/310S
What is Stainless Steel 310/310S?
- Alloy 310 (UNS S31000) is an austenitic stainless steel developed for use in high temperature corrosion resistant applications. The alloy resists oxidation up to 2010°F (1100°C) under mildly cyclic conditions. Because of its high chromium and moderate nickel content, Alloy 310 is resistant to sulfidation and can also be used in moderately carburizing atmospheres.
- The more severe carburizing atmospheres of thermal process equipment usually require nickel alloys such as 330 (UNS N08330). Alloy 310 can be utilized in slightly oxidizing, nitriding, cementing and thermal cycling applications, albeit, the maximum service temperature must be reduced. Alloy 310 also finds usage in cryogenic applications with low magnetic permeability and toughness down to -450°F (-268°C). When heated between 1202–1742°F (650–950°C) the alloy is subject to sigma phase precipitation. A solution annealing treatment at 2012–2102°F (1100–1150°C). Grade 310 (UNS S31000) and its various subgrades combine excellent high temperature properties with good ductility and weldability.
- Grade 310S (UNS S31008) is used when the application environment involves moist corrodents in a temperature range lower than that which is normally considered “high temperature” service. The lower carbon content of 310S does reduce its high temperature strength compared to 310H. 310S (UNS S31008) is the low carbon version of the alloy. It is utilized for ease of fabrication. 310H (UNS S31009) is a high carbon modification developed for enhanced creep resistance.
What is the Difference Between Stainless Steel 310 and 310S?
Both types 310 Stainless Steel and 310S are typically used for elevated temperature applications.
- Stainless Steel 310S was designed to be the low carbon version of SS 310. 310S has many of the same characteristics and applications as 310, such as the ability to withstand high temperatures, resistance to oxidation and corrosion, and machinability similar to that of Type 304.
- Composed of 20% nickel and 25% chromium, 310S is efficient in reducing environments such as those that contain sulfur. Combined with its low carbon content, the metal is also effective at resisting embrittlement. The metal is commonly utilized in extreme conditions, such as furnace manufacturing and heat treating equipment. While both hot and work practices can be applied, cold working is not commonly done on Stainless Steel 310S; however, it is the only way to work harden the metal. This resistance to cold temperatures is useful in cryogenic environments, as 310S is incredibly tough. However, it can be subject to thermal shock and therefore should be treated and hot-worked with care.
- In ASTM 310S, The S stands for the special treatment of the ASTM 310 stainless steel, mechanical properties superior to ASTM 310 stainless steel, therefore, ASTM 310S stainless steel temperature is higher than the ASTM 310 stainless steel.
|High Hardness||Low Hardness|
|Less Corrosion Resistance||Better Corrosion Resistance|
|High Carbon Content||Low Carbon Content|
|Less Difficult to Smelt||More Difficult to Smelt|
Properties and Processing Characteristics of Stainless Steel 310/310S
Alloy 310S, like 309S, is best known for high temperature service. Both alloys work well up to 2000 °F, especially if oxidation resistance is required. 309 and 310S are the premier high temperature performers among the common stainless grades available from our stock. High nickel and chromium content and a coarse grain structure result in:
- Improved resistance to cyclic oxidation
- Increased resistance to sulfidation
- Better high temperature strength
- Improved resistance to inter granular corrosion
310S stainless steel provides superior corrosion resistance properties against carburization, oxidation and other conditions. It is fabricated to offer excellent performance in the elevated temperature conditions on the industrial level that need high resistance to carburization and thermal cycling corrosion. It shows austenitic nature in the whole temperatures and doesn’t show embrittlement.The excellent strength and resistance to high temperature oxidation properties are purposeful in the commercial incinerators, kilns and food processing equipments.
Processing Characteristics of 310S Stainless Steel:-
Speaking of the processing characteristics of the 310s stainless steel plate, first of all, we actually need to do this, then the hot processing will be divided into three types: point heating, linear heating, and triangular heating. And the point heating in the 310s stainless steel plate is mainly used to correct the uneven deformation of the sheet. Under normal circumstances, the larger the thickness of the 310s stainless steel plate, the larger the deformation will appear. The more the reinforcement, the larger the diameter, the smaller the distance will appear. For the linear heating of 310s stainless steel plate, there will be three basic forms at this time. The main ones will include linear, curved, and 310s stainless steel plate loop heating. When applying in detail, you should pay attention to the selection as appropriate. When the triangle is heated, it will first be used for the bending deformation of the pay steel beam and structural planning.
The 310s stainless steel plate thermal processing method will also be called flame rectification. In this method, the temperature of the flame is used to heat some of the 310s stainless steel plate, which is why it is cooling. Some new changes have occurred in the fire, and then it is enough to offset the old deformation and reach the purpose of correction.
Equivalents of Stainless Steel 310/310S Materials
|AISI||310 / 310S|
|UNS||S31000 / S31008|
|Werkstoff Nr.||1.4841 / 1.4845|
Chemical, Mechanical & Physical Properties of Stainless Steel 310/310S
|SS 310||SS 310S|
|Ni||19 – 22||19 – 22|
|Cr||24 – 26||24 – 26|
|C||0.25 max||0.08 max|
|Mn||2 max||2 max|
|M0||1.50 max||1.50 max|
|S||0.03 max||0.03 max|
|P||0.045 max||0.045 max|
|Density (lb./ in^2) @ RT||0.29|
|Modulus of Elasticity in Tension (psi x 10^6)||29|
|Specific Heat (BTU/o F/lb.)||32 to 212 oF||0.12|
|Thermal Conductivity (BTU/hr/ft^2/ft)||212oF||8|
|Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (in. x 10^-6 per o F)||68 to 212oF||8.8|
|68 to 932oF||9.5|
|68 to 1832oF||10.5|
|Electrical Resistivity (micro ohms – cm)||at 70oF||30.7|
|Oxidation Resistance – Continuous Service(oF)||2000|
|Grade||Tensile Strength (MPa)
|Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa)
|Elongation (% in 50mm) min||Hardness|
|Rockwell B (HR B)
Stainless Steel 310/310S Products & Manufacturing Standards
|Bar||1/2″ thru 6″||A276, A479|
|Butt Weld Fittings||1/2″ thru 12″||Sch 10, 40, 80, 160 & XXH||A403|
|Pipe Welded & Seamless||1/4″ thru 16″||Sch 10, 40, 80, 160 & XXH||A312|
|Flange & Pressure Fittings||1/2″ to 60″||Sch 10, 40, 80, 160 & XXH||A182|
Applications of Stainless Steel 310/310S Plates, Pipes, Fasteners & Forgings
- Cryogenic Components
- Food Processing
- Furnaces—burners, doors, fans, piping and recuperators
- Fluidized Bed Furnaces—coal combustors, grids, piping, wind boxes
- Ore Processing/Steel Plants—smelter and steel melting equipment, continuous casting equipment
- Petroleum Refining—catalytic recovery systems, flares, recuperators, tube hangers
- Power Generation—coal gasifier internals, pulverized coal burners, tube hangers
- Sintering/Cement Plants—burners, burner shields, feeding and discharging systems, wind boxes
- Thermal Processing—annealing covers and boxes, burn
Fabrication Data & Other Properties of Stainless Steel 310/310S
Characteristics of Stainless Steel 310/310S
- Oxidation resistance to 2000°f
- Moderate strength at high temperature
- Resistance to hot corrosion
- Strength and toughness at cryogenic temperatures
Type 310/310s is promptly fabricated by a standard commercial process. In comparison to carbon steel, stainless steels are tougher and tend to work harden quickly. By using all of the common welding processes type 310/310s can be easily welded.
This alloy machines same as type 304 stainless steel. The chips of this alloy are stringy and it will work harden very quickly. It is compulsory to keep the tool cutting at all times and utilize chip breakers.
By using fusion or resistance technique most of the austenitic stainless steels can be quickly welded. Oxyacetylene welding is not recommended. Filler Metal should be AWS E/ER 310.
After uniform heating to 2150F (1177 Deg C) most common hot work techniques can be successfully performed. Do not forge down 1800F (982 Deg C). Fast cooling is required to maximize corrosion resistance.
In spite of the fact that this alloy has a high work hardening rate, this alloy can be drawn, headed, upset and stamped. To remove internal stress full annealing is required after cold work.
1900-2050F (1038-1121 Deg C) water quench.
This alloy doesn’t reply to heat treatment. Cold work will cause an increase in both hardness and strength
Corrosion Resistant Properties of Stainless Steel 310/310S
Alloy 310 is not designed for service in wet corrosive environments. The high carbon content, which is present to enhance creep properties, has a detrimental effect on aqueous corrosion resistance. The alloy is prone to intergranular corrosion after long term exposure at high temperatures. However, due to its high chromium content (25%), Alloy 310 is more corrosion resistant than most heat resistant alloys.
High Temperature Corrosion
The high chromium (25%) and silicon (0.6%) content of Alloy 310 make it more resistant to high temperature corrosion in most in-service environments. Operating temperatures are listed below:-
- Oxidizing conditions (max sulfur content–2 g/m3)
1922°F (1050°C) continuous service
2012°F (1100°C) peak temperature
- Oxidizing conditions (max sulfur greater than 2 g/m3)
1742°F (950°C) maximum temperature
- Low oxygen atmosphere (max sulfur content–2 g/m3)
1832°F (1000°C) maximum temperature
- Nitriding or carburizing atmospheres
1562–1742°F (850–950°C) maximum