Testing & Inspection of Stainless Steel 317/317L Materials
Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)
|Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing||Hydrostatic Test|
|Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis||Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test|
|Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area||Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177|
|Micro Test||Radiography Test|
|Macro Test||Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)|
|Hardness Test||Ultra Sonic Test (UT)|
|Pitting Resistance Test||Eddy Current Testing|
|Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test||Impact Test|
|Flaring Test||Bend Test|
- Our internal inspection reports would be provided for all the goods before shipment.
- Buyers or their associates are most welcome to visit us for personal inspect
- We regularly have inspections ongoing at our premises from internationally acclaimed Inspection Agencies such as TUV, BVIS, SGS, Llyods, DNV etc.
Prices for Stainless Steel 317/317L Materials
Prices for stainless steel 317/317L materials are directly co related to prices of the raw materials such as iron ore, metal scrap, chromium, nickel and various other alloying elements. The production cost of heat resistant stainless steel and nickel alloy plates is high as they contain high amount of nickel and chromium. Meanwhile, mild steel material is among the lowest cost steel available, followed by carbon steel, 400 series stainless steels, aluminium, alloy steel, and 300 series stainless steel. Special alloys such as titanium, Inconel, Monel and Hastelloy cost very high as the nickel, chromium and moly content is very high.
For special and discounted prices for various types of stainless steel 317/317L products, please feel free to contact us through email, phone or whatsapp.
We are also regularly publishing our price list for various steel products on our blog.
Documents Provided at the time of Domestic Sales or Export of Stainless Steel 317/317L Products
|Certificate of Origin||Raw Material Test Reports|
|Commercial Invoice||Heat Treatment Charts|
|Packing List||Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)|
|Fumigation Certificates||NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports|
|Letter of Gurantee||Material Test Certificates|
|ROHS Certificate||Certificate of Compliance/Conformity|
Price Basis for Stainless Steel 317/317L Materials
We can offer any of the following price basis depending on your requirement:
- FOR Site in India
- FOB Nhava Sheva
- CFR, CIF, CPT your destination port
- Door to Door Delivery Duty Paid as well as Duty Unpaid
Delivery Time of Stainless Steel 317/317L Materials
- If the items are available in stock, we take 2 days from the date of receipt of advance payment to clear the shipment and send it to port.
- And in-case the items are not availabe in stock, the time taken for manufacturing depends on the size, quantity and grade.
- However we can claim the fact that we can compete with anyone in India on Delivery time and most of the time our production time is the least.
- We have tied up with strong logistic partners in India which can undertake any type of shipping activities and make sure that there is no delay in shipment.
Marking & Packing of Stainless Steel 317/317L Materials
- All our products will have complete marking details which are co-related to the test certificates we supply.
- In case of orders for cut piece of Pipes, Sheets or Round Bars, the marking is transferred from the product from which it is cut. In such cases we provide Letter confirming the marking transfer and picture of the product from which it is cut.
- All goods are packed in wooden cases or pallets.
About 317/317L Stainless Steel
What is Stainless Steel 317/317L?
- 317 is a higher chromium, nickel and molybdenum version of 316 stainless designed principally for increased strength and corrosion resistance when compared with 304/304L and 316/316L.
- 317L is similar to 316 stainless steel but provides improved resistance to atmospheric corrosion, to many organic and inorganic chemicals and to food and beverages and can produce stronger welds due to the low carbon content. 317L’s molybdenum content increases to 3 to 4% from the 2 to 3% found in 316 and 316L. It has the same high strength and corrosion resistance as 317 steel but can produce stronger welds due to the low carbon content.
- Alloy 317LMN and 317L are molybdenum-bearing austenitic stainless steel tube with greatly increased resistance to chemical attack as compared to the conventional chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steel pipe such as Alloy 304. In addition, 317LMN and 317L alloys offer higher creep, stress-to-rupture, and tensile strengths at elevated temperatures than conventional stainless steels. All are low carbon or “L” grades to provide resistance to sensitization during welding and other thermal processes. Grade 317L is austenitic stainless steel that provides improved corrosion resistance over 304L and 316L stainless steels. The low carbon provides resistance to sensitization during welding and other thermal processes. 317L is non-magnetic in the annealed condition but may become slightly magnetic as a result of welding.
- The “M” and “N” designations indicate that the compositions contain increased levels of molybdenum and nitrogen respectively. The combination of molybdenum and nitrogen is particularly effective in enhancing resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion, especially in process streams containing acids, chlorides, and sulfur compounds at elevated temperatures. Nitrogen also serves to increase the strength of these alloys. Both alloys are intended for severe service conditions such as flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems.
- In addition to excellent corrosion resistance and strength properties, the Alloys 316, 316L, and 317L Cr-Ni-Mo alloys also provide the excellent fabricability and formability which are typical of the austenitic stainless steel tubing.
What is the Difference Between SS 316L and SS 317L?
- Grade 304, 316, and 317 stainless steel are all considered austenitic stainless steel alloys. These alloys all share some similar properties, such as high strength, corrosion resistance, and high concentrations of chromium and nickel.
- The main difference between 316 and 317 SS from 304 SS is that these higher-numbered alloys have added molybdenum in their formulation—grade 316 has about 2-3% molybdenum, and grade 317 has more than 3% molybdenum. This added molybdenum greatly improves the steel’s resistance to pitting from chlorides, which is why grade 316 SS is often used in the chemical processing and marine industries. However, this added molybdenum content also influences the cost of these two alloys. Grade 317 SS is generally more expensive than grade 316 SS. 316 SS, in turn, is more expensive than grade 304 SS. The exact extra cost varies based on the market at the time.
When do we prefer SS 317 over SS 316?
- For most strongly corrosive applications, grade 316 should be more than enough to resist frequent exposure. However, 317 does achieve better resistance to some specific corrosives than 304 or 316. In a boiling test solution of 1% hydrochloric acid, the corrosion rate of 317 SS was 54.2 mils/year, while 316 SS corroded at a rate of 226 mils/year. 317 SS also significantly outperforms 316 SS in sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide tests. So, if your processes involve the use of very diluted (less than 3-4%) hydrochloric acid, mild concentration (10%) sulfuric acid, or sodium hydroxide, then grade 317 stainless steel might be worth the extra cost over 316 or 304 SS.
- It’s important to note that hydrochloric acid in any concentration above 5% will quickly erode any austenitic stainless steel alloy with ease. Also, in the previously-cited chemical corrosion tests, 317 performed worse against some corrosives than 316, such as phosphoric acid (0.72 mils/year vs 0.2 mils/year) and acetic acid (0.48 mils/year vs 0.12 mils/year).
- Which grade suits our project should be solely decided on the project requirements and experience.
Applications of Stainless Steel 317/317L
- Condensers in fossil
- Pulp and paper manufacturing
- Nuclear fueled power generation stations
- Chemical and petrochemical process equipment.
- Air Pollution Control—fuel gas desulfurization systems (FGD)
- Chemical and Petrochemical
- Food and Beverage Processing
- Petroleum Refining
- Power Generation—condensers
- Pulp and Paper
Products & Manufacturing Standards for Stainless Steel 317/317L
|Product Forms||Material Standards|
|Plates, Sheets & Strips||ASTM A240|
|Billets, Bars & Rods||ASTM A276, A479.|
|Forgings (Flanges & Fittings)||ASTM A182|
|Wires||ASTM A478, A580.|
|Seamless and Welded Pipes||ASTM A312, A358, A269, A249, A213|
|Wrought Buttweld Pipe Fittings||ASTM A403|
Equivalents of Stainless Steel 317/317L
Chemical, Mechanical & Physical Properties of Stainless Steel 317/317L
|Pipe / Tube (SMLS)||Sheet / Plate||Bar||Forging||Fitting|
|A 213, A 249||A 167, A 240||A 276||A 182||A403|
|NI||11.0 – 15.0||11.0 – 15.0|
|C||0.08 max||0.035 max|
|MN||2.0 max||2.0 max|
|P||0.045 max||0.045 max|
|S||0.030 max||0.030 max|
|SI||1.0 max||1.0 max|
|CR||18.0 – 20.0||18.0 – 20.0|
|MO||3.0 – 4.0||3.0 – 4.0|
|317||317L||Temperature in °C|
|Density||7.99 g/cm³||7.99 g/cm³||Room|
|Specific Heat||0.12 Kcal/kg.C||0.12 Kcal/kg.C||22°|
|Melting Range||1371 – 1421 °C||1371 – 1421 °C||–|
|Modulus of Elasticity||193 KN/mm²||193 KN/mm²||20°|
|Electrical Resistivity||74 µΩ.cm||79 µΩ.cm||Room|
|Coefficient of Expansion||16.0 µm/m °C||16.0 µm/m °C||20 – 100°|
|Thermal Conductivity||16.2 W/m -°K||16.2 W/m -°K||20°|
|Material||Ultimate Tensile Strength (Mpa)||0.2 % Yield Strength (Mpa)||% Elongation in 2″||Rockwell B Hardness|
Properties & Processing Characteristics of Stainless Steel 317/317L
- Essentially similar to T-316; but the increased chromium, nickel and molybdenum content results in better corrosion resistance, higher tensile strength and higher creep strength than T-316.
- Superior corrosion resistance in difficult environments.
- Lower intergranular precipitation
- Resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion making 317L a successful life-cost product in a variety of highly corrosive environments.
- T-317L with .03% maximum carbon content is used to restrict carbide precipitation during welding and in applications where maximum corrosion resistance is required. In fact, for small quantities, T-317 is frequently available only as T-317L.
- T-317 is non-magnetic in the annealed condition and is non-hardenable by heat treatment. Machinability is 39% – 65 surface feet per minute.
- Higher creep, stress-to-rupture and tensile strengths than other stainless steels.
- Reduced intergranular precipitation of chromium carbides during welding and stress relieving as well as minimized possibility of corrosion failure from intergranular attack due to low carbon content.
- Improved general and localized corrosion to 316L stainless
- Good formability
- Good weldability
317L is readily welded by a full range of conventional welding procedures (except oxyacetylene). AWS E317L/ER317L filler metal or austenitic, low carbon filler metals with molybdenum content higher than that of 317L, or a nickel-base filler metal with sufficient chromium and molybdenum content to exceed the corrosion resistance of 317L should be used to weld 317L steel.
Fabrication Data & Other Properties of Stainless Steel 317/317L
Alloy 317L can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.
- Low speeds and constant feeds will minimize this alloy’s tendency to work harden. Tougher than 304 stainless with a long stringy chip, the use of chip breakers is recommended. The cold work hardening rate of Alloy 317L makes it less machinable than 410 stainless steel.
All common fusion and resistance methods except oxyacetylene welding have proven successful. Use AWS E/ER317 or 317L filler metal for best results. Alloy 317L can be readily welded by most standard processes. A post weld heat treatment is not necessary.
All common hot working processes are possible with this alloy. Heat to 2100-2300 F (1149-1260 C). Avoid working this material below 1700 F (927 C). For optimum corrosion resistance, a post-work annealing is recommended. If the final forming temperature falls below this threshold, a solution anneal of 1976–2156°F (1080–1180°C) is necessary. Rapid quenching is required.
Shearing, stamping, heading and drawing can be successfully performed . To remove internal stresses, a post-work annealing is recommended. The alloy is quite ductile and forms easily. The addition of molybdenum and nitrogen implies more powerful processing equipment may be necessary when compared with the standard 304/304L grades.
1850-2050 F (1010-1121 C), followed by rapid cooling.
This alloy does not respond to heat treatment. Cold work will cause an increase in both hardness and strength.
Heat Treatment & Resistance of Stainless Steel 317/317L
- All chromium-nickel-molybdenum steels all have excellent resistance to oxidation
- Demonstrates a low rate of scaling in ordinary atmospheres at temperatures up to 1600-1650°F (871-899°C).
- The austenitic stainless steel pipe are provided in the mill annealed condition ready for use. Heat treatment may be necessary during or after fabrication to remove the effects of cold forming or to dissolve precipitated chromium carbides resulting from thermal exposures. For the Alloys 316 and 317L the solution anneal is accomplished by heating in the 1900 to 2150°F (1040 to 1175°C) temperature range followed by air cooling or a water quench, depending on section thickness. Cooling should be sufficiently rapid through the 1500 to 800°F (816 to 427°C) range to avoid reprecipitation of chromium carbides and provide optimum corrosion resistance. In every case, the metal should be cooled from the annealing temperature to black heat in less than three minutes. 317LMN and Alloy 317L stainless steels can be annealed in the temperature range 1975-2150°F (1080-1175°C) followed by an air cool or water quench, depending on thickness. Plates should be annealed between 2100°F (1150°C) and 2150°F (1175°C). The metal should be cooled from the annealing temperature (from red/white to black) in less than three minutes.
- The recommended initial temperature range is 2100-2200°F (1150-1205°C) with a finishing range of 1700-1750°F (927-955°C).
- These grades are not hardenable by heat treatment. Alloys 316 and 317L stainless steel tube cannot be hardened by heat treatment.
Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steel 317/317L
- Stainless 317/317L has a high tensile and creep strength at elevated temperatures. Due to its excellent corrosion resistance it has been used in handling many of the chemicals used by the chemical process industries especially in acidic chloride environments such as those encountered in pulp and paper mills. Increased levels of chromium, nickel and molybdenum compared to 316L stainless steel improve resistance to chloride pitting and general corrosion.
- Good oxidation resistance in continuous service to 925℃ and in intermittent service to 879℃. The corrosion resistance of 317 and 317L should be the same in any given environment. The one exception is where the alloy will be exposed to temperatures in the chromium carbide precipitation range of 800–1500°F (427–816°C). Because of its low carbon content, 317L is the preferred material in this service to guard against intergranular corrosion.
- Resistance increases with molybdenum alloy content. 317L is resistant to sulfuric acid concentrations up to 5 percent at temperatures as high as 120°F (49°C). At temperatures under 100°F (38°C) this alloy has excellent resistance to solutions of higher concentration. However, service tests are recommended to account for the affects of specific operating conditions that may affect corrosion behavior. In processes where condensation of sulfur-bearing gases occurs, 317L is much more resistant to attack at the point of condensation than conventional alloy 316. The acid concentration has a marked influence on the rate of attack in such environments and should be carefully determined by service tests.