Carbon Steel Pipe Manufacturers, Suppliers, Stockist – Seamless CS Pipes, Welded CS/MS Pipes, Coiled Carbon Steel Tubes, Square Pipes, Rectangular Steel Pipes

ASTM A53 Grade A/B Pipe, Tubes API 5L B, X42 to X8
ASTM A106 Grade A/B/C Pipe, Tubes ASTM A519: 1010-1045, 4130-4142, 5135
ASTM A179 Tube/ Tubing DIN 2391: St30Si, St30A1, St35, St45, St52
ASTM A210 boiler tube EN 10210: S235JRH, S275J0H, S275J2H; S355J0H, S355J2H; S275NH, S355NH; S275NLH, S355NLH
A333 Grade Pipe JIS Specification Pipe & Tube
Carbon Steel Heat Exchanger Pipes NACE Certified Carbon Steel Pipes
Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes Carbon Steel Pipe for Sour Service
Carbon Steel Condenser Tubes Spiral Welded Carbon Steel Pipes
LSAW Carbon Steel Pipes Carbon Steel Seamless Pipes
EN10305: E235, E355 EN 10297: E355K2, E470, E420J2, E590K2
  • Metallica is one of the biggest carbon steel pipe suppliers and manufacturers in India, with over 250 customers in India and overseas. We are bulk buyers and exporters of carbon steel pipes from our factories in India and overseas (USA, Japan, Korea, Europe), and are able to give you the best price and quality just in time.
  • Buy Quality Carbon Steel Pipes from an Inventory of 10000 tons in India! Metallica is the largest importer of carbon steel seamless pipes and one of the biggest supplier of carbon steel pipes in India. We are the first company in India, to offer our customers a price guarantee.
  • Applications of Carbon Steel Pipe:- Metallica manufactures and supplies carbon steel pipes and tubes for critical applications in industries like aviation, aerospace, petrochemical, natural gas, paper making, industrial gas and others. Carbon steel pipes are widely used for conveying oil, steam, water, gas, air at low/medium/high pressure or temperature. Additionally these pipes are also used for fire protection systems, civil engineering, architecture and other structures, shipyard, oil field, and gas field. Carbon steel is used in boilers, pressure vessels, heat exchangers, piping, and other moderate-temperature service systems in which good strength and ductility are desired. Significant other factors include cost, availability, and the ease of fabrication.
  • Carbon steel pipes are manufactured in all types of materials and grades. We stock all major grades of carbon steel pipes such as ASME SA 53 Grade B, ASME SA 106 Grade B, ASME SA 333 Grade 6 and API 5L – PSL 1 Gr. A, B, X42, X46, X52, X56, X60, X65, X70, ASTM A179, ASTM A192, ASTM A210, ASTM A519.
  • Being one of the largest volume carbon steel pipe supplier, we can guarantee you the lowest prices. At Metallica Metals, we believe in selling in volume and increasing our customer base across the globe, enabling us to work on low margins. We have an extensive trader network across India and the Middle East, who buy from us on a regular basis.
  • All our carbon steel pipes and tube products are supplied with 3.1 specific test certificates, according to EN 10204. Certification according to 3.2 can be agreed at the time of ordering.
Carbon Steel Pipe Manufacturer, Supplier, Wholesaler and Dealers in India and Overseas

Jindal/ISMT/Tata Make Carbon Steel Pipes

Carbon Steel Pipe Manufacturer, Supplier, Wholesaler and Dealers in India and Overseas

Over 12000 Tons Stock of Carbon Steel Pipes

Production & Stock Range of Carbon Steel Seamless & Welded Pipes

Product Carbon Steel Pipe
Shapes Square, Round, Rectangle
Types Seamless and Welded
Size (NB sizes) 1/2″ to 48″
Thickness SCH 40, SCH 80, SCH 160, SCH XS, SCH XXS, All Schedules
Common Grades API 5L Gr. B, ASTM A106 Gr. B, ASTM A333 Gr. 6, ASTM A53 Gr. B, ASTM A500 Gr. B
Fittings Type Seamless Butt Weld, Flanges, Black, Galvanised Fittings
Other Fittings Elbows, Tees, Reducers, Caps, Stub Ends, Flanges (ANSI, Table E, D and H)

Most Widely Used Grade in Carbon & Alloy Steel Pipes and Related Fittings

  • Standard and Code Specification of Carbon Steel
Carbon Steel Type Standard Grades Specification
Medium-Temp Pipes A106 A, B, C This specification covers carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service.
Fittings A234 WPA, WPB, WPC This specification covers wrought carbon steel and alloy steel fittings of seamless and welded construction.
Flanges A105 This specification covers standards for forged carbon steel piping components, that is, flanges, fittings, Valves, and similar parts, for use in pressure systems at ambient and higher-temperature service conditions.
Valves A216 WCB This specification covers carbon steel castings for Valves, flanges, fittings, or other pressure-containing parts for high-temperature service and of quality suitable for assembly with other castings or wrought-steel parts by fusion welding.
Bolts & Nuts A193 B7 This specification covers alloy and stainless steel bolting material for pressure vessels, Valves, flanges, and fittings for high temperature or high pressure service, or other special purpose applications.
A194 2H Standard specification for nuts in many different material types.
High-Temp Pipes A335 P1, P11, P12, P22, P5, P9 This specification covers seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe for high-temperature service.
Fittings A234 WP1, WP11, WP12, WP22, WP5, WP9 This specification covers wrought carbon steel and alloy steel fittings of seamless and welded construction.
Flanges A182 F1, F11, F12, F22, F5, F9 This specification covers forged or rolled alloy and stainless steel pipe flanges, forged fittings, and Valves and parts for high-temperature service.
Valves A217 WC1, WC6, WC9, C5, C12 This specification covers steel castings, martensitic stainless steel and alloys steel castings for Valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressure-containing parts intended primarily for high-temperature and corrosive service.
Bolts & Nuts A193 B7 This specification covers alloy and stainless steel bolting material for pressure vessels, Valves, flanges, and fittings for high temperature or high pressure service, or other special purpose applications.
A194 2H Standard specification for nuts in many different material types.
Low-Temp Pipes A333 6, 3 This specification covers wall seamless and welded carbon and alloy steel pipe intended for use at low temperatures.
Fittings A420 WPL6, WPL3 Standard specification for piping fittings of wrought carbon steel and alloy steel for low-temperature service.
Flanges A182 F304, F316, F321, F347 This specification covers forged or rolled alloy and stainless steel pipe flanges, forged fittings, and Valves and parts for high-temperature service.
Valves A182 F304, F316, F321, F347 This specification covers forged or rolled alloy and stainless steel pipe flanges, forged fittings, and Valves and parts for high-temperature service.
Bolts & Nuts A193 B8 This specification covers alloy and stainless steel bolting material for pressure vessels, Valves, flanges, and fittings for high temperature or high pressure service, or other special purpose applications.
A194 8 Standard specification for nuts in many different material types.
  • ASME SA/ASTM A106 Gr. B, also widely referred as API 5L Grade B or ASTM A53 Grade B is the most widely used grade of carbon steel pipes, across the globe. Our maximum stock of carbon steel pipes is in this grade. The properties of ASTM A106 Gr. B pipes is as below:

Chemical Composition of ASTM A106 Carbon Steel Seamless Pipes

ASTM A106 Steel Grade  C, max.% Mn % P, max S, max Si, min Cr, max Cu, max Mo, max Ni, max V, max
Grade A 0.25 0.27 – 0.93 0.035 0.035 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.15 0.4 0.08
Grade B 0.3 0.29 – 1.06 0.035 0.035 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.15 0.4 0.08
Grade C 0.35 0.29 – 1.06 0.035 0.035 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.15 0.4 0.08

Mechanical Properties of ASTM A106 Carbon Steel Seamless Pipes

ASTM A106 Steel Grade Tensile Test MPa or N/mm2
Min. Yield Point Tensile Strength
Grade A 205 330Min
Grade B 240 415Min
Grade C 275 485Min

Equivalents of ASTM A106 Seamless Pipes

Specification Mechanical Properties Grade A Grade B Grade C
ASTM A53 Tensile strength, min, psi (MPa) 48000(330) 60000(415)
Yield strength, min, psi (MPa) 30000(205) 35000(240)
ASTM A106 Tensile strength, min, psi (MPa) 48000(330) 60000(415) 70000(485)
Yield strength, min, psi (MPa) 30000(205) 35000(240) 40000(275)

What are Carbon Steel Pipes? What is the Difference Between Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel Pipes?

Carbon Steel (an alloy of steel and carbon) gets corroded but it is hard — the more carbon content, the harder the steel. Low-carbon steel is strong and tough and can be case-hardened if needed. High-carbon steel can be heat treated to make it a lot harder, however, in this condition it tends to be more brittle and more difficult to work with.

Carbon steel and stainless steel have the same basic ingredients of iron and carbon. Their main difference is alloy content—carbon steel has under 10.5 percent alloy content, while stainless steel must contain 10.5 percent chromium or more. That essential difference is what gives carbon steel and stainless steel their distinct physical characteristics.

Carbon Steel Stainless Steel
Vulnerable to rust Resistant to rust
Brittle Less Brittle
Wear-resistant Less wear-resistant

Types Of Carbon Steel

Carbon Steel Pipe can be classified into four categories:

  1. Low carbon steel pipe – Carbon content 0.55-1.05%
  2. Medium carbon steel pipe- Carbon content 0.25-10.6%
  3. High carbon steel pipe- Carbon content 0.9-2.5%
  4. Super High carbon steel pipe- Carbon content 2.5-3.0%

Commonly used Carbon Steel explained below:

1. Low Carbon Steel

  • Plain carbon steels – very low content of alloying elements and small amounts of Mn.
  • Most abundant grade of steel is low carbon steel – greatest quantity produced; least expensive.
  • Not responsive to heat treatment; cold working needed to improve the strength.
  • Good Weldability and machinability.
  • High Strength, Low Alloy (HSLA) steels – alloying elements (like Cu, V, Ni and Mo) up to 10 wt %; have higher strengths and may be heat treated.

2. Medium Carbon Steel

  • Carbon content in the range of 0.3 – 0.6%.
  • Can be heat treated – austenitizing, quenching and then tempering.
  • Most often used in tempered condition – tempered martensite.
  • Medium carbon steels have low hardenability.
  • Addition of Cr, Ni, Mo improves the heat treating capacity.
  • Heat treated alloys are stronger but have lower ductility.
  • Typical applications – Railway wheels and tracks, gears, crankshafts.

3. High Carbon Steel

  • High carbon steels – Carbon content 0.6 – 1.4%.
  • High C content provides high hardness and strength.
  • Hardest and least ductile.
  • Used in hardened and tempered condition.
  • Strong carbide formers like Cr, V, W are added as alloying elements to from carbides of these metals.
  • Used as tool and die steels owing to the high hardness and wear resistance property.

4. Super High Carbon Steel

  • Approximately 1.25–2.0% carbon content.
  • Steels that can be tempered to great hardness.
  • Used for special purposes like (non-industrial-purpose) knives, axles or punches.
  • Most steels with more than 2.5% carbon content are made using powder metallurgy.

Wide Range of Steel Grades in Carbon Steel Pipes!

All our carbon steel pipe products comply with major ASTM & Indian standards and classifications. The various quality standards according to which we can manufacture and supply carbon and alloy steel pipes are as below:

  • ASTM A106 Seamless Carbon Steel Pipes for oil pipeline and gas pipeline transportation – ASTM A106 Grade B
  • API 5L Standard Specification for Seamless Line Pipe or Seamless Pipe Line – API 5L Grade A, Grade B, X42, X46, X52, X56, X60, X65, X70, X80
  • ASTM A 53 Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless – ASTM A 53 Grade A, Grade B, Grade C, Type F, Type E
  • ASTM A519 Seamless Carbon and Alloy Steel Mechanical Tubing – ASTM A519: 1010-1045, 4130, 4140, 4142, 5135
  • DIN 2391 Seamless Precision Steel Tubes- DIN 2391 St30Si, St30A1, St35, St45, St52
  • EN10305 Steel tubes for precision applications. Technical delivery conditions. Seamless cold drawn tubes – EN10305 E235, E355
  • EN 10297 Hot rolled seamless steel tubes with an application in the mechanical and general engineering – EN 10297 E355K2, E470, E420J2, E590K2
  • EN 10210: Seamless structural steel pipes – EN 10210: S235JRH; S275J0H, S275J2H; S355J0H, S355J2H; S275NH, S355NH; S275NLH, S355NLH

Manufacturing and Testing Requirements of Carbon Steel Pipe

Heat Treatment Hot-finished pipe need not be heat treated. Cold-drawn pipe shall be heat treated after the final cold draw pass at a temperature of 1200 °F (650 °C) or higher.
Process Carbon steel and mild steel are manufactured in three stages:
1. Primary steelmaking
2. Secondary steelmaking
3. Casting
The steel shall be killed steel, with the primary melting process being open-hearth, basic-oxygen, or electric-furnace, possibly combined with separate degassing or refining. If secondary melting, using electroslag remelting or vacuum-arc remelting is subsequently employed, the heat shall be defined as all of the ingots remelted from a single primary heat.
Steel cast in ingots or strand cast is permissible. When steels of different grades are sequentially strand cast, identification of the resultant transition material is required. The producer shall remove the transition material by any established procedure that positively separates the grades.
Surface Treatment Oil-dip, Varnish, Passivation, Phosphating, Shot Blasting, Hot dip galvanizing, Electrolytic galvanizing
Hydrostatic Testing Inspection test pressures produce a stress in the pipe wall equal to 60% of specified minimum yield strength (SMYS) at room temperature. Maximum Pressures are not to exceed 2500 psi for NPS3 and must stay under 2800 psi for the larger sizes. Pressure is maintained for not less than 5 seconds.
Non-destructive Electric Test The full body of each pipe shall be tested with a non-destructive electric test in accordance with Practice E 213, E 309, or E 570.
Mechanical Tests Specified Tensile Test — NPS 8 and larger — either transverse or longitudinal acceptable smaller than NPS 8 — weighed in lots.
Larger sizes — by length.
Flattening Test — NPS 2-1/2 and larger.
Bending Test (Cold) — NPS 2 and under.

Testing & Inspection of Carbon Steel Pipes

Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)

Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing Hydrostatic Test
Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test
Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177
Micro Test Radiography Test
Macro Test Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)
Hardness Test Ultra Sonic Test (UT)
Pitting Resistance Test Eddy Current Testing
Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test Impact Test
Flaring Test Bend Test
Flattening Test

Inspection

  • Our internal inspection reports would be provided for all the goods before shipment.
  • Buyers or their associates are most welcome to visit us for personal inspect
  • We regularly have inspections ongoing at our premises from internationally acclaimed Inspection Agencies such as TUV, BVIS, SGS, Llyods, DNV etc.

Prices for Carbon Steel Pipes

Prices for carbon steel pipes are directly co related to prices of the raw materials such as iron ore, metal scrap, chromium, nickel and various other alloying elements. The production cost of heat resistant stainless steel and nickel alloy plates is high as they contain high amount of nickel and chromium. Meanwhile, mild steel material is among the lowest cost steel available, followed by carbon steel, 400 series stainless steels, aluminium, alloy steel, and 300 series stainless steel. Special alloys such as titanium, Inconel, Monel and Hastelloy cost very high as the nickel, chromium and moly content is very high.

For special and discounted prices for various types of carbon steel pipes, please feel free to contact us through email, phone or whatsapp.

We are also regularly publishing our pricelist for various steel products on our blog.

Documents Provided at the time of Domestic Sales or Export of Carbon Steel Pipes

Certificate of Origin Raw Material Test Reports
Commercial Invoice Heat Treatment Charts
Packing List Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)
Fumigation Certificates NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports
Letter of Guarantee Material Test Certificates
ROHS Certificate Certificate of Compliance/Conformity

Price Basis for Carbon Steel Pipes

We can offer any of the following price basis depending on your requirement:

  • Ex-works
  • FOR Site in India
  • FOB Nhava Sheva
  • CFR, CIF, CPT your destination port
  • Door to Door Delivery Duty Paid as well as Duty Unpaid

Delivery Time of Carbon Steel Pipes

  • If the items are available in stock, we take 2 days from the date of receipt of advance payment to clear the shipment and send it to port.
  • And in-case the items are not available in stock, the time taken for manufacturing depends on the size, quantity and grade.
  • However we can claim the fact that we can compete with anyone in India on Delivery time and most of the time our production time is the least.
  • We have tied up with strong logistic partners in India which can undertake any type of shipping activities and make sure that there is no delay in shipment.

Marking & Packing of Carbon Steel Pipes

  • All our products will have complete marking details which are co-related to the test certificates we supply.
  • In case of orders for cut piece of Pipes, Sheets or Round Bars, the marking is transferred from the product from which it is cut. In such cases we provide Letter confirming the marking transfer and picture of the product from which it is cut.
  • All goods are packed in wooden cases or pallets.

Suppliers of Carbon Steel Pipes in India

Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Surat, Pune, Jaipur, Visakhapatnam, Kanpur, Nagpur, Lucknow, Thane, Bhopal, Indore, Pimpri Chinchwad, Patna, Vadodara, Ghaziabad, Ludhiana, Agra, Nashik, Faridabad, Meerut, Rajkot, Kalyan-Dombivli, Vasai-Virar, Varanasi, Srinagar, Aurangabad, Dhanbad, Amritsar, Navi Mumbai, Allahabad, Howrah, Ranchi, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Coimbatore, Vijayawada, Jodhpur, Madurai, Raipur, Chandigarh, Guntur, Guwahati, Solapur, Hubli–Dharwad, Mysore, Tiruchirappalli, Bareilly, Moradabad, Tiruppur, Gurgaon, Aligarh, Jalandhar, Bhubaneswar, Salem, Mira-Bhayandar, Warangal, Jalgaon, Kota, Bhiwandi, Saharanpur, Gorakhpur, Bikaner, Amravati, Noida, Jamshedpur, Bhilai, Cuttack, Firozabad, Kochi, Nellore, Bhavnagar, Dehradun, Durgapur, Asansol, Rourkela, Nanded, Kolhapur, Ajmer, Akola, Gulbarga, Jamnagar, Ujjain, Loni, Siliguri, Jhansi, Ulhasnagar, Jammu, Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad, Mangalore, Erode, Belgaum, Ambattur, Tirunelveli, Malegaon, Gaya, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Kakinada, Davanagere, Kozhikode, Maheshtala, Rajpur, Sonarpur, Rajahmundry, Bokaro, South Dumdum, Bellary, Patiala, Gopalpur, Agartala, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bhatpara, Panihati, Latur, Dhule, Tirupati, Rohtak, Sagar, Korba, Bhilwara, Berhampur, Muzaffarpur, Ahmednagar, Mathura, Kollam, Avadi, Kadapa, Kamarhati, Sambalpur, Bilaspur, Shahjahanpur, Satara, Bijapur, Kurnool, Rampur, Shimoga, Chandrapur, Junagadh, Thrissur, Alwar, Bardhaman, Kulti, Nizamabad, Parbhani, Tumkur, Khammam, Ozhukarai, Bihar Sharif, Panipat, Darbhanga, Bally, Aizawl, Dewas, Ichalkaranji, Karnal, Bathinda, Jalna, Eluru, Barasat, Kirari Suleman Nagar, Purnia, Satna, Mau, Sonipat, Farrukhabad, Durg, Imphal, Ratlam, Hapur, Arrah, Anantapur, Karimnagar, Etawah, Ambarnath, North Dumdum, Bharatpur, Begusarai, New Delhi, Gandhidham, Baranagar, Tiruvottiyur, Pondicherry, Sikar, Thoothukudi, Rewa, Mirzapur, Raichur, Pali, Ramagundam, Haridwar, Vijayanagaram, Tenali, Nagercoil, Sri Ganganagar, Karawal Nagar, Mango, Thanjavur, Bulandshahr, Uluberia, Katni, Sambhal, Singrauli, Nadiad, Secunderabad, Naihati, Yamunanagar, Bidhannagar, Pallavaram, Bidar, Munger, Panchkula, Burhanpur, Raurkela Industrial Township, Kharagpur, Dindigul, Gandhinagar, Hospet, Nangloi Jat, Malda, Ongole, Deoghar, Chapra, Haldia, Khandwa, Nandyal, Morena, Amroha, Anand, Bhind, Bhalswa Jahangir Pur, Madhyamgram, Bhiwani, Berhampore, Ambala, Morbi, Fatehpur, Raebareli, Mahaboobnagar, Chittoor, Bhusawal, Orai, Bahraich, Vellore, Mehsana, Raiganj, Sirsa, Danapur, Serampore, Sultan Pur Majra, Guna, Jaunpur, Panvel, Shivpuri, Surendranagar Dudhrej, Unnao, Chinsurah, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Machilipatnam, Shimla. Adoni, Udupi, Katihar, Proddatur, Saharsa, Hindupur, Sasaram, Hajipur, Bhimavaram, Kumbakonam, Dehri, Madanapalle, Siwan, Bettiah, Guntakal, Srikakulam, Motihari, Dharmavaram, Gudivada, Phagwara, Narasaraopet, Suryapet, Miryalaguda, Tadipatri, Karaikudi, Kishanganj, Jamalpur, Ballia, Kavali, Tadepalligudem, Amaravati, Buxar, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Gangtok

Export Sales of Carbon Steel Pipes

  • America: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • Europe – Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Euro area, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  • Africa – Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Asia – Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Georgia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macao, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
  • Australia – Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu