A flange is an external or internal ridge, or rim (lip), for strength, as the flange of an iron beam such as an I-beam or a T-beam; or for attachment to another object, as the flange on the end of a pipe, steam cylinder, etc., or for a flange of a rail car or tram wheel. Thus flanged wheels are wheels with a flange on one side to keep the wheels from running off the rails. The term “flange” is also used for a kind of tool used to form flanges. The type of flange to be used for a piping application depends, mainly, on the required strength for the flanged joint. Flanges are used, alternatively to welded connections, to facilitate maintenance operations – Pipes with flanges can be assembled and disassembled easily. The flange is the second most used joining method after welding. A flanged joint is composed of three separate and independent although interrelated components; the flanges, the gaskets, and the bolting; which are assembled by yet another influence, the fitter.
Slip on flanges as the name suggests, are slipped over the pipe and welded (usually both inside and outside) to provide strength and prevent leakage. Slip on Flanges are at the low cost end of the scale, and do not require high accuracy when cutting the pipe to length. These slip on can sometimes have a boss or hub, and can be made with a bore to suit either pipe or tube. It is fabricated with an inside diameter that is bigger than the pipe’s outside distance across. These connections are associated with the pipe by means of filet weld at the top and base of the flange.
Slip on pipe flanges are used with a raised or flat face. At the time of raised face, the standard height would be 1/16″ for slip on pipe flanges under 400# while for slip on pipe flanges of 400#, the standard height would be 1/4″. The Slip On pipe flanges include materials carbon steel slip-on pipe flanges, stainless steel slip on pipe flanges and alloy steel slip on pipe flanges available in various class such as 150 LBS, 300 LBS, 600 LBS, 900 LBS. These flanges are ideal for low pressure applications.
|Alloy Steel Flanges||ASTM/ASME SA/A182 F1, F5, F9, F11, F22, F91|
|Stainless Steel Flanges||ASTM/ASME A182 F304, A182 F304L, A182 F304H, A182 F316, A182 F316L, A182 F316H, A182 F317, A182 F317L, A182 F321, A182 F321H, A182 F347, A182 F51, A182 F53|
|Duplex and Super Duplex Flanges||ASTM A 182 F51/ UNS S31803, F53/UNS S32750, F55/UNS S32760|
|Most Common Grade Carbon Steel Flange||ASTM/ASME SA/A105, 105N|
|Low Temperature Carbon Steel Flanges||ASTM/ASME SA/A350 LF1, LF2, LF3|
|High Yield Carbon Steel Flanges||ASTM/ASME SA/A694 F42, F52, F60, F65, F70|
Applications of Slip-on Flanges:
Chemical, Oil Mills, Petrochemical, Mining, Refineries, Construction, Fertilizers, Shipbuilding, Power Plant, Steel Plant, Nuclear Power, Offshore, Oil & Gas, Defense, Paper, Ports, Breweries, Railway, Cement, Engineering Co., Sugar & Government Org. etc.
- Chemical and Physical characteristic: durable, corrosion resistant and high-temperature resistant.
- We also produce flange with special specifications according to customers’ requirements.
Advantages/Features of Slip-on Flanges:
- They need on low pressure temperature environments
- They are leak-proof
- Installation cost is low
- It allows easier alignment of bolting holes because of its smaller thickness
- One size is appropriate for all pipe schedules
|Design||According to EN Type||According to DIN|
|Weld Neck Flange||Type 11||DIN 2627 – DIN 2638|
|Blind Flange||Type 05||DIN 2527|
|Threaded Flange||Type 12||DIN 2558, DIN 2565 – DIN 2569|
|Flat Flange||Type 01||DIN 2573, DIN 2576|
|Lapped Flange||Type 02 & Type 04||DIN 2641, DIN 2642, DIN 2655, DIN 2656|
Similar to ASME flanges, EN1092-1 steel and stainless flanges, have several different versions of raised or none raised faces. According to the European form the seals are indicated by different form:
|Form: types of Contact Faces||DIN EN 1092-1|
|Without Raised Face||Form A|
|Raised Face (Rz = 160 Mechanical Turned)||Form B1|
|Raised Face ( Rz = 40 Mechanical Turned)||Form B1|
|Raised Face (Rz = 16 Mechanical Turned)||Form B2|
|Tongue According to DIN2512||Form C|
|Groove According to DIN 2512||Form D|
|Male According to DIN 2513||Form E|
|Female According to DIN 2513||Form F|
|Female According to DIN 2514||Form G|
|Male According to DIN 2514||Form H|