Testing & Inspection of Stainless Steel 309/309S Materials
Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)
|Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing||Hydrostatic Test|
|Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis||Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test|
|Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area||Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177|
|Micro Test||Radiography Test|
|Macro Test||Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)|
|Hardness Test||Ultra Sonic Test (UT)|
|Pitting Resistance Test||Eddy Current Testing|
|Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test||Impact Test|
|Flaring Test||Bend Test|
- Our internal inspection reports would be provided for all the goods before shipment.
- Buyers or their associates are most welcome to visit us for personal inspect
- We regularly have inspections ongoing at our premises from internationally acclaimed Inspection Agencies such as TUV, BVIS, SGS, Llyods, DNV etc.
Prices for Stainless Steel 309/309S Materials
Prices for stainless steel 309/309S materials are directly co related to prices of the raw materials such as iron ore, metal scrap, chromium, nickel and various other alloying elements. The production cost of heat resistant stainless steel and nickel alloy plates is high as they contain high amount of nickel and chromium. Meanwhile, mild steel material is among the lowest cost steel available, followed by carbon steel, 400 series stainless steels, aluminium, alloy steel, and 300 series stainless steel. Special alloys such as titanium, Inconel, Monel and Hastelloy cost very high as the nickel, chromium and moly content is very high.
For special and discounted prices for various types of stainless steel 309/309S products, please feel free to contact us through email, phone or whatsapp.
We are also regularly publishing our price list for various steel products on our blog.
Documents Provided at the time of Domestic Sales or Export of Stainless Steel 309/309S Products
|Certificate of Origin||Raw Material Test Reports|
|Commercial Invoice||Heat Treatment Charts|
|Packing List||Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)|
|Fumigation Certificates||NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports|
|Letter of Guarantee||Material Test Certificates|
|ROHS Certificate||Certificate of Compliance/Conformity|
Price Basis for Stainless Steel 309/309S Materials
We can offer any of the following price basis depending on your requirement:
- FOR Site in India
- FOB Nhava Sheva
- CFR, CIF, CPT your destination port
- Door to Door Delivery Duty Paid as well as Duty Unpaid
Delivery Time of Stainless Steel 309/309S Materials
- If the items are available in stock, we take 2 days from the date of receipt of advance payment to clear the shipment and send it to port.
- And in-case the items are not availabe in stock, the time taken for manufacturing depends on the size, quantity and grade.
- However we can claim the fact that we can compete with anyone in India on Delivery time and most of the time our production time is the least.
- We have tied up with strong logistic partners in India which can undertake any type of shipping activities and make sure that there is no delay in shipment.
Marking & Packing of Stainless Steel 309/309S Materials
- All our products will have complete marking details which are co-related to the test certificates we supply.
- In case of orders for cut piece of Pipes, Sheets or Round Bars, the marking is transferred from the product from which it is cut. In such cases we provide Letter confirming the marking transfer and picture of the product from which it is cut.
- All goods are packed in wooden cases or pallets.
About 309/309S/309H Stainless Steel
What is 309/309S Stainless Steel?
- Alloy 309 (UNS S30900) is an austenitic stainless steel developed for use in high temperature corrosion resistance applications. The alloy resists oxidation up to 1900°F (1038°C) under non-cyclic conditions. Frequent thermal cycling reduces oxidation resistance to approximately 1850°F (1010°C). A chromium-nickel stainless grade, Alloy 309/309S is suitable for a number of high temperature applications. 23% chromium, approx. 5% more than 304 stainless steel gives Alloy 309/309S an edge over 304 stainless steel when it comes to general corrosion resistance at elevated temperatures.
- AISI 309S stainless steel is an austenitic stainless steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the annealed condition. 309S is the AISI designation for this material. S30908 is the UNS number. It contains less nickel in its composition than Type 310, moderately low tensile strength and lower amount of carbon in its composition among the wrought austenitic stainless steels thus utilization in areas where high temperature gases may pose a problem. Type 309S is additionally characterized by its resistance to oxidation and creep, along with its ability to withstand high temperatures. Moist environments have no effect on it, due to the higher levels of nickel and chromium in its makeup. Because of this, it is often utilized in marine environments in place of Stainless Steel 304, as it displays a higher resistance.
Despite its excellent weldability, Type 309S does have a tendency to work harden.
- AISI 309H (S30909) Stainless Steel. AISI 309H stainless steel is an austenitic stainless steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the annealed condition. 309H is the AISI designation for this material. S30909 is the UNS number. It has a moderately low tensile strength.
Applications of Stainless Steel 309/309S/309H
- Aircraft and jet engine parts
- Auto exhaust parts
- Heat exchangers
- Waste incinerators
- Glass blowing components
- Rotary kilns
- Furnace anchor bolts
- Household Products
- Kitchen Appliance
- Related Products
- Thermal Processing
- Paper Mill Equipment
- Petroleum Refinery
- Fluidized Bed Furnaces
Stainless Steel 309/309S Products & Manufacturing Standards
|Bar||1/2″ thru 6″||A276, A479|
|Butt Weld Fittings||1/2″ thru 12″||Sch 10, 40, 80, 160 & XXH||A403|
|Pipe Welded & Seamless||1/4″ thru 16″||Sch 10, 40, 80, 160 & XXH||A312|
|Flange & Pressure Fittings||1/2″ to 60″||Sch 10, 40, 80, 160 & XXH||A182|
Equivalents of 309/309S/309H Stainless Steel
|STANDARD||SS 309S||SS 309H|
Chemical Composition & Mechanical Properties of SS 309/309S
|ELEMENT||SS 309S||SS 309H|
|NI||12.0 – 15.0||12.0 – 15.0|
|C||0.08 max||0.04 – 0.10|
|MN||2.0 max||2.0 max|
|P||0.045 max||0.045 max|
|S||0.030 max||0.030 max|
|SI||1.0 max||1.0 max|
|CR||22.0 – 24.0||22.0 – 24.0|
|DENSITY||7.89 g/cm 3 / 0.285 lb/in 3|
|MELTING POINT||1480 – 1530(°C) / 2500 – 2590 (°F)|
|ANNEALED||1000 – 1150 (°C) / 1832 – 2101 (°F)|
|Tensile Strength MPa||560||515||540||515|
|Proof Stress(0.2% Offset) MPa||285||205||280||205|
|Elongation (Percent in 50mm)||54||40||54||40|
|Endurance (fatigue) limit, MPa||260||–||260||–|
Fabrication Data & Other Properties of Stainless Steel 309/309S/309H
Alloy 309 can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.
- Heat uniformly at 1742 – 2192°F (950 – 1200°C). After hot forming a final anneal at 1832 – 2101°F (1000 – 1150°C) followed by rapid quenching is recommended.
- The alloy is quite ductile and forms in a manner very similar to 316. Cold forming of pieces with long-term exposure to high temperatures is not recommended since the alloy is subject to carbide precipitation and sigma phase precipitants.
- Alloy 309 can be readily welded by most standard processes including TIG, PLASMA, MIG, SMAW, SAW and FCAW.
Corrosion Resistance of 309/309S/309H Stainless Steel
- Alloy 309 is not designed for service in wet corrosive environments. The high carbon content, which is present to enhance creep properties, has a detrimental effect on aqueous corrosion resistance. The alloy is prone to intergranular corrosion after long term exposure at high temperatures. However, due to its high chromium content (23%), Alloy 309 is more corrosion resistant than most heat resistant alloys.
High Temperature Corrosion
Alloy 309 resists high temperature corrosion in most in-service conditions. Operating temperatures are as follows:
- Oxidizing conditions (max. sulfur content – 2g/m3)
- 1922°F (1050°C) continuous service
- 2012°F (1100°C) peak temperature
- Oxidizing conditions (max. sulfur greater than 2 g/m3)
- 1742°F (950°C) maximum temperature
- Low oxygen atmosphere (max. sulfur content – 2 g/m3)
- 1832°F (1000°C) maximum temperature
- Nitriding or carburizing atmospheres
- 1562 –1742°F (850 – 950°C) maximum
The alloy does not perform as well as Alloy 600 (UNS N06600) or Alloy 800 (UNS N08800) in reducing, nitriding or carburizing atmospheres, but it does outperform most heat resistant stainless steels in these conditions.
What is the Difference Between 309 and 309S Stainless Steel?
- Alloy 309 (UNS S30900) is an austenitic stainless steel developed for use in high temperature corrosion resistance applications. The alloy resists oxidation up to 1900°F (1038°C) under non-cyclic conditions. Frequent thermal cycling reduces oxidation resistance to approximately 1850°F (1010°C). Because of its high chromium and low nickel content, Alloy 309 can be utilized in sulfur containing atmospheres up to 1832°F (1000°C). The alloy is not recommended for use in highly carburizing atmospheres since it exhibits only moderate resistance to carbon absorption. Alloy 309 can be utilized in slightly oxidizing, nitriding, cementing and thermal cycling applications, albeit, the maximum service temperature must be reduced.
- When heated between 1202 – 1742°F (650 – 950°C) the alloy is subject to sigma phase precipitation. A solution annealing treatment at 2012 – 2102°F (1100 – 1150°C) will restore a degree of toughness.
- 309S (UNS S30908) is the low carbon version of the alloy. It is utilized for ease of fabrication. 309H (UNS S30909) is a high carbon modification developed for enhanced creep resistance. It most instances the grain size and carbon content of the plate can meet both the 309S and 309H requirements. Alloy 309 can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.
Properties and Processing Characteristics of Stainless Steel 309S/309H
- SS 309 is a highly alloyed austenitic stainless steel used for its excellent oxidation resistance, high temperature strength and creep resistance. The lower nickel content of CS309 improves resistance to sulphur attack at high temperatures.
- SS 309 provides excellent corrosion resistance and heat resistance plus good strength at room and elevated temperatures. The alloy is non-magnetic as annealed and becomes slightly magnetic when cold worked.
Standard welding processes for this steel grade are:
- MAG-Welding Solid Wire
- Arc Welding (E)
- Laser Beam Welding
In quenched condition the material can be slightly magnetizable. With increasing cold forming the magnetizability increases.