Stainless Steel 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings (Socket Weld & Threaded Fittings) Manufacturers, Suppliers and Stockist – UNS S30400/UNS S30403, 1.4307/1.4301

  • Size: from 1/4″ to 4″ (6mm-100mm), Pressure: 2000LBS, 3000LBS, 6000LBS, 9000LBS
  • SS 304/304L Threaded Pipe Fittings  – 90° Elbow, 45° Elbow, Tee, Cross, Full Coupling, Half Coupling, Reducing Coupling, Pipe Cap, Hex Head, Bushing, Hex Head Plug, Square Head Plug, Round Head Plug, Union, Hex Nipple, Street Elbow, Bull Plug, Boss, Swage Nipple, Pipe Nipple, Adapter, Union (Male x Female), Branch Outlet, 90° Elbow Outlet, 45° Lateral Tee, Lateral Outlet, Nipple Branch Outlet
  • SS 304/304L Socket Weld Pipe Fittings – 90° Elbow, 45° Elbow, Tee, Cross, Full Coupling, Half Coupling, Pipe Cap, Union, Reducer Insert, Boss, Branch Outlet, 90° Elbow Outlet, 45° Lateral Tee, Lateral Outlet, Branch Outlet Butt Weld, 90° Elbow, Outlet Butt Weld, Lateral Outlet Butt Weld, Nipple Branch Outlet Butt Weld
Stainless Steel 304 Forged Pipe Fittings Stainless Steel 304L Forged Pipe Fittings
UNS S30400 Stainless Steel Forged Pipe Fittings UNS S30403 Stainless Steel Forged Pipe Fittings
1.4301 Stainless Steel Forged Pipe Fittings 1.4307 Stainless Steel Forged Pipe Fittings

Metallica is a well known manufacturer and supplier of stainless steel 304/304L forged pipe fitting for the clients from oil and gas, petrochemicals, railway, construction and other industries. We manufacture different size and shapes of SS 304/304L forged pipe fittings by open die forging, closed die forging and drop forging. Our main products include SS 304/304L socket weld and threaded pipe fittings in size range of 1/4″ to 4″ (6mm-100mm), with pressure rating of 2000LBS, 3000LBS, 6000LBS, and 9000LBS. The other most common and materials include ASTM A105, ASTM A182 F304, F316, F304L, F316L, and A182 F5/F9/F11/F22/F91. In nickel alloys we produce socket welded and threaded pipe fittings in various grades such as Alloy 200, 201, 400, K500, 600, 625, 800H/HT, 825, X-750, C276, Hastelloy B & C22.

Forged Pipe Fittings Manufacturers

Stainless Steel 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings Manufacturers

Forged Pipe Fittings Manufacturing Standards

  • ASTM A182 – ASME SA182 – Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings
  • ASME B16.9 – Factory-Made Wrought Buttwelding Fittings
  • ASME B16.11 – Socket Welding and Threaded Forged Fittings
  • MSS SP-43 – Wrought and Fabricated Butt-Welding Fittings for Low Pressure, Corrosion Resistant Applications
  • MSS SP-95 – Swage(d) Nipples and Bull Plugs
  • BS3799 – Specification for Steel pipe fittings, screwed and Socket-welding for the petroleum industry

Stainless Steel 304/304L forged socket weld and threaded pipe fittings are generally used for small size pipes and piping systems (generally below 4 inches in diameter for Class 3000, and below 2 inches for fittings in class 6000 and 9000). Forged pipe fittings are manufactured by forging, followed by heat treatment and machining solid steel as per ASME B16.11 and other dimensional standards. For bigger size piping systems SS 304/304L buttweld pipe fittings produced as per ASME B16.9 are used.

  • We are considered one of the biggest stainless steel 304/304L forged pipe fittings supplier and manufacturer, with over 250 customers in India and overseas. We are bulk sellers and exporters of SS 304/304L forged pipe fittings, seamless pipes, welded pipes, plates, fittings and flanges from our factory in India, and are able to give you the best price and quality just in time.
  • With minimum yield strength of 170 Mpa, minimum tensile strength of 485 Mpa, and with minimum Elongation of 35%, stainless steel 304L forged pipe fittings are widely used for engineering and general purpose applications. In comparison, the ASTM specifications require minimum yield strength of 205 Mpa, minimum tensile strength of 515 Mpa, and minimum Elongation of 35% for stainless steel 304 forged fittings. Stainless steel 304/304L socket weld and threaded pipe fittings also have good heat resistant and corrosion resistant properties.
  • Stainless steel 304 (SS 304) is the most basic stainless steel known as 18-8 grade with higher chromium and low carbon content. The low carbon content restricts carbide precipitation during welding as well as minimizes its susceptibility to intergranular corrosion. Stainless steel 304L (SS304L) is an extra low-carbon variation of SS304 with a 0.03% maximum carbon content that eliminates carbide precipitation due to welding. Both SS304 and SS304L have excellent resistance to a wide range of atmospheric, chemical and petrochemical, and food industry corrosions. Usually, they can be used in applications with the maximum temperature of 1650°F[900°C] exhibiting good oxidation resistance.
  • Being one of the largest volume forged pipe fittings manufacturer and supplier in Mumbai, we can guarantee you the lowest prices. At Metallica Metals, we believe in selling in volume and increasing our customer base across the globe, enabling us to work on low margins. We have an extensive trader network across India, USA, Europe and the Middle East, who buy from us on a regular basis.
  • In addition to traders, we have many EPC contractors, companies and end users in various industries as our customers. We are leading forged pipe fittings suppliers for various applications ranging from low/medium/high pressure or temperatures.

Stainless Steel 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings Stock & Production Range

Product SS 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings
Connection Screwed or Threaded (M/F), Socket Weld
Type Pipe Union, Cross, Elbow, Tee, Half Coupling, Full Coupling, Branch Outlets, Forged Plug, Hexagon Bushing, Plugs, Inserts, Caps
Size 1/2″ to 4″
Pressure Rating 2000#, 3000#, 6000#, 9000# or 2000LB, 3000LB, 6000LB, 9000LB
Process method Forged, CNC Machined
Standards: ASME/ANSI B16.11, MSS SP 83, MSS SP 97, MSS SP 95
Certification EN 10204 3.1
  • Forged pipe fittings are available in both socket weld and threaded ends.

Other Forged Pipe Fittings Materials & Grades

Carbon Steel ASTM A105/N, ASTM A350LF2, LF3, LF6
Duplex 2205(F51/60), 2507(F53)
Chrome Moly SA182, F1, F5, F5a, F9, F9l, F11, F12, F22
Stainless Steel 304/L/H, 316/L/H, 310, 317L, 321/H, 347/H, 410, 416, 420, 17-4, 440, Alloy 20
Nickel Alloys 200, 201, 400, K500, 600, 625, 800H/HT, 825, X-750, C276, Hastelloy B & C22

Manufacturing Process for SS 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings

  • Forged fittings are the fittings made by forged steel. The process of manufacturing forged steel fittings include: cutting and heating billets, put pressure on heated billets under dies into desired shape, trimming and shot blasting. Then machine forged blank fittings for net shape and dimensions. According to the applications of forged steel fittings, they are available in threaded and socket weld end connections.
  • The main raw material for producing forged pipe fittings is round bar stock or billets.
  • Most of the forged steel fittings are not large, so closed die forging is normally adapted to produce forged steel fittings. Compared to the open die forging, the close die forging can achieve more complex geometries, very much close to the dimensions of the finished component.
  • Close die forging can produce forged fittings in all materials such as carbon steel, duplex, stainless steel or nickel alloys.

Types of SS 304/304L Socket Welded & Threaded Forged Steel Pipe Fittings

  1. SS 304/304L Elbows (90 Degree Elbows and 45 Degree Elbows) – A pipe elbow is a forged steel fitting installed between two lengths of pipe or tube allowing a change of direction, usually in the 90° or 45° direction. Similar to a reducing tee, reducing elbows also exist to simultaneously change flow direction and reduce flow diameter. Street Elbows have one female end to accept pipe and another male end thread that is the same size as the pipe and can avoid the use of a pipe nipple during installation.
  2. SS 304/304L Tees (Equal Tee and Reducing Tees)- Tees are a type of forged steel fitting used to combine or divide process flow, and Reducing Tees additionally allow for pipe size change. The run outlets of the tee are the two in-line outlets, and the branch is the third outlet. The branch outlet is the reducing outlet in a reducing tee.
  3. SS 304/304L Couplings (Straight and Reducing Couplings, Full and Half Couplings) – Couplings are a forged steel fitting used to connect two lengths of pipe, and Half-coupling is screwed onto the pipe, while the other end is made to be tightly inserted, or welded, onto the other end to pipe or vessel. Standard Couplings have female threads or open sockets at both ends, whereas reducing couplings connect smaller pipes to larger ones.
  4. SS 304/304L Unions (Socket Weld Unions and Threaded Unions) – Unions are a forged steel fitting similar to a coupling but allow a convenient disconnection and connection; it has 3 parts: a nut, a female end, and a male end. They allow two lengths of pipe to be assembled and detached without causing any deformation to the pipes.
  5. SS 304/304L Bushings (Hex Head Bushings and Flush Bushings) – Reducing inserts and Bushings are forged steel fittings that allow for a change in pipe size. Pictured here is the hex head bushing, which is most commonly used.
  6. SS 304/304L Caps (Pipe Caps and End Caps) – Caps are forged steel fittings used to terminate the flow, inserting over the end of the pipe.
  7. SS 304/304L Plug (Square Head Plugs, Hex Head Plugs and Round Head Plugs) – Similar to a cap, plugs are forged steel fittings that are inserted into the end of the pipe, and they come with different head types, including: hex, square, and round.
  8. SS 304/304L Cross – Crosses are a 4-way forged steel fitting, with 1 inlet and 3 outlets or vice versa. These are sometimes referred to as 4-way tees.
  9. SS 304/304L Outlets (Weldolets, Sockolets, Threadolets, Elbolets, Latrolets and Nipolets)
  10. SS 304/304L Nipples (Hexagonal Nipples and Swaged Nipples)

Testing & Inspection of Stainless Steel 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings

Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)

Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing Hydrostatic Test
Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test
Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177
Micro Test Radiography Test
Macro Test Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)
Hardness Test Ultra Sonic Test (UT)
Pitting Resistance Test Eddy Current Testing
Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test Impact Test
Flaring Test Bend Test
Flattening Test

Inspection

  • Our internal inspection reports would be provided for all the goods before shipment.
  • Buyers or their associates are most welcome to visit us for personal inspect
  • We regularly have inspections ongoing at our premises from internationally acclaimed Inspection Agencies such as TUV, BVIS, SGS, Llyods, DNV etc.

Prices for Stainless Steel 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings

Prices for stainless steel 304/304L forged pipe fittings are directly co related to prices of the raw materials such as iron ore, metal scrap, chromium, nickel and various other alloying elements. The production cost of heat resistant stainless steel and nickel alloy plates is high as they contain high amount of nickel and chromium. Meanwhile, mild steel material is among the lowest cost steel available, followed by carbon steel, 400 series stainless steels, aluminium, alloy steel, and 300 series stainless steel. Special alloys such as titanium, Inconel, Monel and Hastelloy cost very high as the nickel, chromium and moly content is very high.

For special and discounted prices for various types of stainless steel 304/304L forged pipe fittings, please feel free to contact us through email, phone or whatsapp.

We are also regularly publishing our pricelist for various steel products on our blog.

Documents Provided at the time of Domestic Sales or Export of Stainless Steel 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings

Certificate of Origin Raw Material Test Reports
Commercial Invoice Heat Treatment Charts
Packing List Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)
Fumigation Certificates NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports
Letter of Gurantee Material Test Certificates
ROHS Certificate Certificate of Compliance/Conformity

Price Basis for Stainless Steel 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings

We can offer any of the following price basis depending on your requirement:

  • Ex-works
  • FOR Site in India
  • FOB Nhava Sheva
  • CFR, CIF, CPT your destination port
  • Door to Door Delivery Duty Paid as well as Duty Unpaid

Delivery Time of Stainless Steel 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings

  • If the items are available in stock, we take 2 days from the date of receipt of advance payment to clear the shipment and send it to port.
  • And in-case the items are not availabe in stock, the time taken for manufacturing depends on the size, quantity and grade.
  • However we can claim the fact that we can compete with anyone in India on Delivery time and most of the time our production time is the least.
  • We have tied up with strong logistic partners in India which can undertake any type of shipping activities and make sure that there is no delay in shipment.

Marking & Packing of Stainless Steel 304/304L Forged Pipe Fittings

  • All our products will have complete marking details which are co-related to the test certificates we supply.
  • In case of orders for cut piece of Pipes, Sheets or Round Bars, the marking is transferred from the product from which it is cut. In such cases we provide Letter confirming the marking transfer and picture of the product from which it is cut.
  • All goods are packed in wooden cases or pallets.

About 304/304L Stainless Steels

What is 304/304L Stainless Steel?

  • Grade 304 stainless steel has a minimum of 18% chromium and 8% nickel, combined with a maximum of 0.08% carbon. The remainder of its composition is made up of carbon, manganese, silicon and very small amounts of phosphorous and sulfur. It is defined as a Chromium-Nickel austenitic alloy. Grade 304 is the standard “18/8” stainless that you will probably see in your pans and cookery tools. Additionally, the metal is pliable under both hot and cold working, though it responds better to cold working; it will only work harden under cold working. Extended exposure to temperatures between 800–1500°F can lead to embrittlement and should be carefully monitored.
  • Grade 304L is the low carbon version of 304, and although the two types share many of the same properties, it is the differences in carbon content that differentiates them. It does not require post-weld annealing to effectively maximize corrosion resistance and so is extensively used in heavy gauge components (over about 6mm). Grade 304H with its higher carbon content finds application at elevated temperatures. Additionally, it also possesses a higher work hardening rate. 304L exhibits excellent resistance in a variety of atmospheres and temperatures, along with the corrosion and oxidation that occurs over time. However, like many stainless steels, it is susceptible to warm chlorine environments and can potential pit and crack.
  • Stainless Steels 304 and 304L can be commonly found dually certified. This utilized the widely applicable properties of both metals and meets the individual specifications for each.Grade 304/304L is the most widely used commercial grade of stainless steel supplied into numerous industry sectors. It has excellent corrosion resistance in ordinary atmospheric conditions, it is easily machined and is also easy to weld. Whilst performing well when exposed to relatively high temperatures, this grade of stainless steel like most austenitic stainless grades, also maintains its strength and toughness at sub-zero temperatures, making this an excellent choice for various applications and industries such as food & drink processing, petrochemical and construction.

Product Forms and Standards of 304/304L Stainless Steel

Product Forms Material Standards
Plates, Sheets & Strips ASTM A240, A666
Billets, Bars & Rods ASTM A276, A314, A479
Forgings(Flanges & Fittings) ASTM A182, A473.
Wires ASTM A313, A368, A478, A492, A493, A580.
Seamless and Welded Pipes ASTM A312, A358, A813, A814.
Wrought Pipe Fittings ASTM A403
Castings(Cast Fittings & Valve Parts) ASTM A351, A743, A744

Applications of Stainless Steel 304 Materials

SS 304 is a stainless steel with applications ranging from the manufacturing of chemical equipment, kitchen and cooking utensils and equipment, to surgical tools and textile dyeing equipment. SS 304L is used for applications where a low carbon count is required, such as in heavy gauge components. It is often applied in areas of higher temperatures than Type 304 can endure, and its low carbon allow it to be resistant against carbon precipitation. It is used for a wide variety of home and commercial applications, this is one of the most familiar and most frequently used alloys in the stainless steel family. Typical applications include tanks and containers for a large variety of liquids and solids:

  • Food industry
  • Domestic tools industry
  • Architectural panelling, railings & trim
  • Chemical containers, including for transport
  • Heat Exchangers
  • Woven or welded screens for mining, quarrying & water filtration
  • Dyeing industry
  • In the marine environment, because of it slightly higher strength and wear resistance than type 316 it is also used for nuts, bolts, screws, and other fasteners.

Chemical & Mechanical Properties of Stainless Steel 304/304L

Material UNS EN Chemical Component %
C Mn P S Si Cr Ni
304 S30400 1.4301 ≤0.08 ≤2.00 ≤0.045 ≤0.030 ≤1.00 18.00-20.00 8.00-10.00
304L S30403 1.4307 ≤0.03 ≤2.00 ≤0.045 ≤0.030 ≤1.00 18.00-20.00 8.00-10.00

Material UNS EN Tensile Strength Yield Strength Elongation Heat Treatment
(Mpa) min (Mpa) min (%)
304 S30400 1.4301 515 205 35 1040
304L S30403 1.4307 485 170 35 1040

Properties and Processing Characteristics of Stainless Steel 304/304L

  • The metal is characterized by its corrosion resistance, especially in cases of oxidation and salt water. Otherwise referred to as Grade 304 or Type 304, it is the most commonly utilized grade of stainless steel, being extremely versatile in application, form, and finishes. This makeup ensures that SS 304 has a well-balanced level of performance in terms of weldability, corrosion resistance and anti-oxidation properties.
  • Alloy 304/304L has excellent strength and toughness at cryogenic temperatures. Alloy  304/304L is non-magnetic in the annealed condition, but can become slightly magnetic as a result of cold working or welding. It can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.
  • Good oxidation resistance in intermittent service to 870°C and in continuous service to 925°C. Continuous use of 304 in the 425- 860°C range is not recommended if subsequent aqueous corrosion resistance is important. Grade 304L is resistant to carbide precipitation and can be heated into this
    temperature range.
  • Heat treatment – Solution Treatment (Annealing) to 1010-1120°C and cool rapidly. These grades cannot be hardened by thermal treatment.

Equivalents of Stainless Steel 304/304L

STANDARD SS 304 SS 304L SS 304H
UNS S30400 S30403 S30409
WERKSTOFF NR. 1.4301 1.4306 1.4948

Physical Properties of Stainless Steel 304/304L

  • Density: 8.03g/cm3
  • Electrical resistivity: 72 microhm-cm (20C)
  • Specific Heat: 500 J/kg °K  (0-100°C)
  • Thermal conductivity: 16.3 W/m-k (100°C)
  • Modulus of Elasticity (MPa): 193 x 103 in tension
  • Melting Range: 2550-2650°F (1399-1454°C)

Corrosion Resistance of 304/304L Stainless Steel

  • Alloy 304/304L has good resistance to atmospheric corrosion, foods and beverages and to many organic and inorganic chemicals in moderately oxidizing to moderately reducing environments. The high chromium content of the alloy provides resistance to oxidizing solutions such as nitric acid up to 55% weight and up to 176°F (80°C). Alloy 304/304L also resists moderately aggressive organic acids such as acetic. The nickel present in the alloy provides resistance to moderately reducing solutions such as pure phosphoric acid, whatever the concentration, in cold solutions and up to 10% diluted hot solutions. The alloy can also operate successfully in caustic solutions free of chlorides or fluorides at moderate temperatures.
  • Alloy 304/304L does not perform well in more highly reducing environments such as those containing chlorides and sulfuric acid. Alloy 304/304L performs well in fresh water service with low levels of chlorides (less than 100ppm). At higher chloride levels the grade is susceptible to crevice corrosion and pitting. For successful performance under these more severe conditions, higher molybdenum content is need such as 316/316L. Alloy 304/304L is not recommended for service in marine environments.
  • In most instances, the corrosion resistance of Alloys 304, 304L and 304H will be roughly equal in most corrosive environments. However, in environments that are sufficiently corrosive to cause intergranular corrosion of welds and heat-affected zones Alloy 304L should be used because of its low carbon content.

Fabrication Data of Stainless Steel 304/304L

Alloy 304/304L can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.

  • Hot Forming:-  Working temperatures of 1652–2102°F (750–1150°C) are recommended for most hot working processes. For maximum corrosion resistance, the material should be annealed at 1900°F (1038°C) minimum and water quenched or rapidly cooled by other means after hot working.
  • Cold Forming:- The alloy is quite ductile and forms easily. Cold working operations will increase the strength and hardness of the alloy and might leave it slightly magnetic.
  • Welding:- Alloy 304/304L can be readily welded by most standard processes. A post weld heat treatment is not necessary.
  • Machining:- Alloy 304/304L is subject to work hardening during deformation and is subject to chip breaking. The best machining results are achieved with slower speeds, heavier feeds, excellent lubrication, sharp tooling and powerful rigid equipment.