Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Pipe Fittings Manufacturers, Suppliers – ASME B16.9 Elbows, Tees, Caps, Olets, Reducers, Stub Ends, Crosses, Laterals, Return Bends

  • We have around 30 years experience in manufacturing of Nickel Aluminium Bronze buttweld pipe fittings in size ranging from 1/2” to 60”, schedule from Sch5s to SchXXS. Metallica specializes in manufacturing elbows, tee, reducer, caps, crosses, stub ends, etc conforming to ASME, ANSI, and DIN standard. We also produce custom size pipe fittings made according to drawings from our clients. Our products are widely used in oil & gas, petrochemical, refineries, power plant, shipbuilding, metallurgy, paper making and other industries.
  • The main Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings specifications are AMS 4640, AMS 4880, AMS 4881 and AMS 4590, BS2 B23, NFL14-702, NFL14-705 and NFL14-706. The aircraft companies and main subcontractors also have their own specifications, for example Airbus ASN-A 3406, ASN-A 3315, ASN-A6127A and Rolls Royce MSRR 8503.
  • A Nickel Aluminium Bronze buttweld pipe fitting is a type of pipe fitting, which is designed to be welded on site to connect pipes together. Welding of a Nickel Aluminium Bronze buttweld pipe fitting to pipes or other fittings is generally done to allow change in direction of the piping system. Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld fittings are generally identified or inquired in nominal pipe sizes with specified pipe schedule. Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld fitting’s dimensions and tolerances are defined as per ASME B16.9 standard. This helps create full penetration weld without any extra preparation needed for the Nickel Aluminium Bronze buttweld fitting.
  • Manufacturing Nickel Aluminium Bronze buttweld fittings – A Nickel Aluminium Bronze buttweld pipe fitting is made by the process of hot forming that includes bending and forming to shape. The starting material of butt weld fitting is a pipe that is cut to length, heated and molded into specific shapes by means of dies. Heat treatment is also done to remove residual stresses and obtain desired mechanical properties.
  • Being one of the largest volume Nickel Aluminium Bronze buttweld pipe fittings manufacturer and supplier in Mumbai, we can guarantee you the lowest prices. At Metallica Metals, we believe in selling in volume and increasing our customer base across the globe, enabling us to work on low margins. We have an extensive trader network across India, USA, Europe and the Middle East, who buy from us on a regular basis.
  • In addition to traders, we have many EPC contractors, companies and end users in various industries as our customers. We are leading Nickel Aluminium Bronze buttweld fittings suppliers for various applications ranging from low/medium/high pressure or temperatures.
  • ASME 16.9 covers overall dimensions, tolerances, ratings, testing, and markings for factory-made wrought Nickel Aluminium Bronze butt-welding fittings in sizes NPS 1⁄2 through NPS 48 (DN 15 through DN 1200). The term “wrought” denotes fittings made of seamless or welded pipes, tubing, plates, or forgings. These fittings include long radius elbows, reducing elbows, long radius returns, short radius elbows, short radius 180° returns, 3D elbows, straight tees, straight crosses, reducing tees, reducing crosses, lap joint stub ends, caps, concentric reducers, and eccentric reducers.Butt Weld Pipe Fittings Manufacturers and Suppliers

Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Pipe Fittings Manufacturers and Suppliers

Standard Types of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

Nickel Aluminium Bronze 180 Degree Short Radius Elbows Nickel Aluminium Bronze 180 Degree Long Radius Elbows
Nickel Aluminium Bronze 90 Degree Short Radius Elbows Nickel Aluminium Bronze 90 Degree Long Radius Elbows
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Reducer Concentric Nickel Aluminium Bronze Reducer Eccentric
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Lap Joint Stub End Nickel Aluminium Bronze End Cap
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Tee Straight Nickel Aluminium Bronze Tee Reducing
Nickel Aluminium Bronze 45 Degree Elbows Nickel Aluminium Bronze 30 Degree Elbows
  1. Nickel Aluminium Bronze Pipe Elbows – Steel elbow is used to be installed between two lengths of pipe or tube allowing a change of direction, usually these carbon steel elbows distinguished by connection ends.
  2. Nickel Aluminium Bronze Pipe Bend – Pipe bend can be made of variety materials, like carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel, low temperature steel or high-performance steel, etc.
  3. Nickel Aluminium Bronze Pipe Tees – We can provide seamless tube tees and welding tube tees, which can also be divided into straight tees and reducing tees. Usually, the pipe tees have the same inlet and outlet sizes.
  4. Nickel Aluminium Bronze Pipe Cross – A pipe fitting, having four openings in the same place, at right angles to each other. A pipe cross is a kind of pipe fitting. It is used in the place where four pipes meet together. The pipe cross may have one inlet and three outlets, or three inlets and one outlet.
  5. Nickel Aluminium Bronze End Caps – End Cap, Carbon Steel cap, Stainless Steel Caps, ANSI, ISO, JIS and DIN Standards, Measures 1/2 to 56 Inches. Based on different materials, pipe caps include carbon steel cap, stainless steel cap, and alloy steel cap etc.
  6. Nickel Aluminium Bronze Pipe Reducer – Pipe reducer are tube fittings that are widely used in a number of industries in order to providing greatest connection flexibility in connecting fractional tubes in various installations.
  7. Nickel Aluminium Bronze Stub End – Stub Ends are fittings used in place of welded flanges where rotating back up flanges are desired. They are also called Lap Joints and Vanstone Flared Laps. A rotating back up flange seats itself against the back surface of the Stub End.
  8. Nickel Aluminium Bronze Coupling Fittings – Coupling fittings are used for fluid conduits in which each end portion of two tubes to be connected is provided with a swaged-on adapter carrying the necessary means to connect or disconnect the tubes without disturbing the swaged-on adapter.

Production and Stock Range of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

MATERIAL: Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings
GRADE: C95500
EQUIVALENT: CuAl10Fe5Ni5-B | CB333G
SPECIFICATION: AMS 4640, AMS 4880, AMS 4881 and AMS 4590, BS2 B23, NFL14-702, NFL14-705 and NFL14-706. The aircraft companies and main subcontractors also have their own specifications, for example Airbus ASN-A 3406, ASN-A 3315, ASN-A6127A and Rolls Royce MSRR 8503.
SIZE: Seamless Elbow ( 1/2″~24″), ERW / Welded / Fabricated Elbow (1/2″~48″)
SCHEDULE: Schedule 5S, 10S, 20S, S10, S20, S30, STD, 40S, S40, S60, XS, 80S, S80, S100, S120, S140, S160, XXS and etc.
SURFACE: Pickled, Turned or Ground
MOLECULAR FORMULA: Cu-Al-Ni-Fe
COMPONENT: Al: 8.7 – 9.5; Cu: Rem; Fe: 3.5 – 4.3; Pb: 0.02; Mn: 1.2 – 2.0; Ni: 4.0 – 4.8; Si: 0.1.

Specification of Nickel Aluminium Bronze

Size (round bar) 1″ – 10″ Diameter
Bar/Rod ASTM B150
Bar, Forging ASTM B124
Electrode, Welding AWS A5.6, MILITARY MIL-E-23765/3
Forgings, Die ASTM B283
Plate ASTM B171
Rod, Forging ASTM B124
Shapes, Forging ASTM B124
Pipe/Tube ASTM B315
Shapes AMS 4590, ASTM B150
Centrifugal ASTM B271, SAE J462, J461, AMS 4880
Continuous ASTM B505, SAE J462, J461, AMS 4880
Ingot ASTM B30
Precision ASTM B806
Sand ASTM B148, B763, SAE J461, J462

Size Range of Nickel Aluminium Bronze

ROUND RODS 8mm To 70 mm
HEX 10mm To 60mm
SQUARE 10mm To 60mm
FLAT 10mm Min Thickness and max Width 120mm
BILLETS Up to 200 mm
INGOTS As per Specification

Chemical Properties of C95500 Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

Cu% Sn% Pb% Zn% Fe% Ni% Sb% P% S% AI% Mn% Si%
78 min N/A N/A N/A 3.00-5 3.00-5.5 N/A N/A N/A 10.00-11.5 3.5 N/A

Mechanical Properties of C95500 Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

Tensile Strength, min 95 ksi 655 MPa
Yield Strength @ .5% ext under load min 42 ksi 290 MPa
Elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm min, % 10
Brinell Hardness 208
Machinability Rating 50%

Physical Properties of C95500 Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

US Customary Metric
Melting Point-Liquidus 1930 °F 1054 °C
Melting Point-Solidus 1900 °F 1038 °C
Density 0.272 lb/in 3 7.53 gm/cm 3
@ 68 °F @ 20 °C
Specific Gravity 7.53 7.53
Electrical Resistivity N/A N/A
Electrical Conductivity 8% IACS 0.049 MegaSiemens/cm
@ 68 °F @ 20 C
Thermal Conductivity 24.2 Btu/sq ft/ft hr/°F 41.9 W/m
@ 68 °F @ 20 °C
Coefficient of 9 ⋅ 10-6 per °F 15.5 ⋅ 10-6 per °C
Thermal Expansion (68-212 °F) (20-100 °C)
Specific Heat Capacity 0.1 Btu/lb/°F  419 J/kg
@ 68 °F @293 °C
Modulus of Elasticity in Tension 16000 ksi 110000 MPa
Magnetic Permeability* 1.32 1.32
*Field Strength 16 kA/m

What is Nickel Aluminium Bronze?

Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper, in contrast to standard bronze (copper and tin) or brass (copper and zinc). There are two major groups in the Aluminum Bronze family. Aluminum Bronze contains approximately 9-14% aluminum and 4% iron while Nickel Aluminum Bronze contains approximately 9-11% aluminum, 4% iron and 5% nickel.  That addition of iron and nickel in the latter further improves the corrosion resistance of a material that is already strong in this area. Increasing the aluminum content of bronze results in higher strength. These nickel aluminum bronze alloys are used for bushings, bearings, wear plates, and hydraulic valve components. Nickel aluminum bronze is available in rod, tube, and plate forms.

Properties of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

• Excellent wear and galling resistance
• High strength
• Density (10% lighter than steel)
• Non-sparking
• Low magnetic permeability (of <1.03 µ in selected grades)
• High corrosion resistance
• Good stress corrosion properties
• Good cryogenic properties
• High resistance to cavitation
• Damping capacity twice that of steel
• High resistance to biofouling
• A protective oxide surface film which has the ability to self-repair.

Applications of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

1) Aerospace
2) Architecture
3) Marine – defense
4) Marine – commercial
5) Offshore oil/gas and petrochemical
6) Desalination and water condenser systems.

Types of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Products

Nickel Aluminium Bronze Hollow Pipe Nickel Aluminium Bronze Heater for High Temperature
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Seamless Pipe Nickel Aluminium Bronze Heat Exchanger Tube
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Bush Hex Pipe Potassium-doped Nickel Aluminium Bronze Wire
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Round Pipe Nickel Aluminium Bronze Welded Pipe
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Alloy Round Pipe Nickel Aluminium Bronze Rotating target
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Aero engine tube Nickel Aluminium Bronze Custom Pipe
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Alloy Custom Pipe Nickel Aluminium Bronze Thick Wall Pipe
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Elliptical and Oval Tube Nickel Aluminium Bronze Thin Wall Pipe
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Pipe Fittings Nickel Aluminium Bronze Forging
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Strips Nickel Aluminium Bronze Fasteners
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Flex pipe Nickel Aluminium Bronze Plates, Sheets and Bars
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Alloy Polished Pipe UNS Nickel Aluminium Bronze lined pipe
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Exhaust Pipe Nickel Aluminium Bronze Micro Tube
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Bar/Billet Nickel Aluminium Bronze Wire/Welding Wire
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Boiler Tube Nickel Aluminium Bronze Coil Tubing
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Capillary Tube Nickel Aluminium Bronze U Shaped Tube
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Rods Precision Nickel Aluminium Bronze Tubing
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Suppliers Nickel Aluminium Bronze Pipe Manufacturers
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Ingots Nickel Aluminium Bronze Foil
Nickel Aluminium Bronze Metals Nickel Aluminium Bronze Crucibles

Related Products:

Copper Nickel Aluminum Bronze, CuAl11Ni5Fe5, Aluminium Bronze, Copper Nickel Aluminum, Aluminum Bronze, Alum Bronze, C61400, C62400, C62500, C63200, C63000, C63020, AMS4640, NFL 14-705, AMS4590, NFL 14-706, C64700, C93200, C95400, C95500, B124, B150, B169, B170, B171, B411, MIL-B-24059, MIL-B-16166, QQ-C-465, QQ-C-465, 2.0978, DIN 17665, UA11N, NFL14706, Aircraft Bronze, BS 2872/4 CA104M, BS B 23, BS 2B 23, EN 12163/5/7 CW307G AIR 9070 UA11N, 9A Alloy

Testing & Inspection of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)

Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing Hydrostatic Test
Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test
Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177
Micro Test Radiography Test
Macro Test Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)
Hardness Test Ultra Sonic Test (UT)
Pitting Resistance Test Eddy Current Testing
Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test Impact Test
Flaring Test Bend Test
Flattening Test

Inspection

  • Our internal inspection reports would be provided for all the goods before shipment.
  • Buyers or their associates are most welcome to visit us for personal inspect
  • We regularly have inspections ongoing at our premises from internationally acclaimed Inspection Agencies such as TUV, BVIS, SGS, Llyods, DNV etc.

Prices for Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

Prices for Nickel Aluminium Buttweld Fittings, Wire are directly co related to prices of the raw materials such as iron ore, metal scrap, chromium, nickel and various other alloying elements. The production cost of heat resistant stainless steel and nickel alloy plates is high as they contain high amount of nickel and chromium. Meanwhile, mild steel material is among the lowest cost steel available, followed by carbon steel, 400 series stainless steels, aluminium, alloy steel, and 300 series stainless steel. Special alloys such as titanium, Inconel, Monel and Hastelloy cost very high as the nickel, chromium and moly content is very high.

For special and discounted prices for various types of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings, please feel free to contact us through email, phone or whatsapp.

We are also regularly publishing our price list for various steel products on our blog.

Documents Provided – Domestic Sales or Export of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

Certificate of Origin Raw Material Test Reports
Commercial Invoice Heat Treatment Charts
Packing List Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)
Fumigation Certificates NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports
Letter of Guarantee Material Test Certificates
ROHS Certificate Certificate of Compliance/Conformity

Price Terms for Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

We can offer any of the following price basis depending on your requirement:

  • Ex-works
  • FOR Site in India
  • FOB Nhava Sheva
  • CFR, CIF, CPT your destination port
  • Door to Door Delivery Duty Paid as well as Duty Unpaid

Delivery Time of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

  • If the items are available in stock, we take 2 days from the date of receipt of advance payment to clear the shipment and send it to port.
  • And in-case the items are not available in stock, the time taken for manufacturing depends on the size, quantity and grade.
  • However we can claim the fact that we can compete with anyone in India on Delivery time and most of the time our production time is the least.
  • We have tied up with strong logistic partners in India which can undertake any type of shipping activities and make sure that there is no delay in shipment.

Marking & Packing of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

  • All our products will have complete marking details which are co-related to the test certificates we supply.
  • In case of orders for cut piece of Pipes, Sheets or Round Bars, the marking is transferred from the product from which it is cut. In such cases we provide Letter confirming the marking transfer and picture of the product from which it is cut.
  • All goods are packed in wooden cases or pallets.

Suppliers of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings in India

Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Surat, Pune, Jaipur, Visakhapatnam, Kanpur, Nagpur, Lucknow, Thane, Bhopal, Indore, Pimpri Chinchwad, Patna, Vadodara, Ghaziabad, Ludhiana, Agra, Nashik, Faridabad, Meerut, Rajkot, Kalyan-Dombivli, Vasai-Virar, Varanasi, Srinagar, Aurangabad, Dhanbad, Amritsar, Navi Mumbai, Allahabad, Howrah, Ranchi, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Coimbatore, Vijayawada, Jodhpur, Madurai, Raipur, Chandigarh, Guntur, Guwahati, Solapur, Hubli–Dharwad, Mysore, Tiruchirappalli, Bareilly, Moradabad, Tiruppur, Gurgaon, Aligarh, Jalandhar, Bhubaneswar, Salem, Mira-Bhayandar, Warangal, Jalgaon, Kota, Bhiwandi, Saharanpur, Gorakhpur, Bikaner, Amravati, Noida, Jamshedpur, Bhilai, Cuttack, Firozabad, Kochi, Nellore, Bhavnagar, Dehradun, Durgapur, Asansol, Rourkela, Nanded, Kolhapur, Ajmer, Akola, Gulbarga, Jamnagar, Ujjain, Loni, Siliguri, Jhansi, Ulhasnagar, Jammu, Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad, Mangalore, Erode, Belgaum, Ambattur, Tirunelveli, Malegaon, Gaya, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Kakinada, Davanagere, Kozhikode, Maheshtala, Rajpur, Sonarpur, Rajahmundry, Bokaro, South Dumdum, Bellary, Patiala, Gopalpur, Agartala, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bhatpara, Panihati, Latur, Dhule, Tirupati, Rohtak, Sagar, Korba, Bhilwara, Berhampur, Muzaffarpur, Ahmednagar, Mathura, Kollam, Avadi, Kadapa, Kamarhati, Sambalpur, Bilaspur, Shahjahanpur, Satara, Bijapur, Kurnool, Rampur, Shimoga, Chandrapur, Junagadh, Thrissur, Alwar, Bardhaman, Kulti, Nizamabad, Parbhani, Tumkur, Khammam, Ozhukarai, Bihar Sharif, Panipat, Darbhanga, Bally, Aizawl, Dewas, Ichalkaranji, Karnal, Bathinda, Jalna, Eluru, Barasat, Kirari Suleman Nagar, Purnia, Satna, Mau, Sonipat, Farrukhabad, Durg, Imphal, Ratlam, Hapur, Arrah, Anantapur, Karimnagar, Etawah, Ambarnath, North Dumdum, Bharatpur, Begusarai, New Delhi, Gandhidham, Baranagar, Tiruvottiyur, Pondicherry, Sikar, Thoothukudi, Rewa, Mirzapur, Raichur, Pali, Ramagundam, Haridwar, Vijayanagaram, Tenali, Nagercoil, Sri Ganganagar, Karawal Nagar, Mango, Thanjavur, Bulandshahr, Uluberia, Katni, Sambhal, Singrauli, Nadiad, Secunderabad, Naihati, Yamunanagar, Bidhannagar, Pallavaram, Bidar, Munger, Panchkula, Burhanpur, Raurkela Industrial Township, Kharagpur, Dindigul, Gandhinagar, Hospet, Nangloi Jat, Malda, Ongole, Deoghar, Chapra, Haldia, Khandwa, Nandyal, Morena, Amroha, Anand, Bhind, Bhalswa Jahangir Pur, Madhyamgram, Bhiwani, Berhampore, Ambala, Morbi, Fatehpur, Raebareli, Mahaboobnagar, Chittoor, Bhusawal, Orai, Bahraich, Vellore, Mehsana, Raiganj, Sirsa, Danapur, Serampore, Sultan Pur Majra, Guna, Jaunpur, Panvel, Shivpuri, Surendranagar Dudhrej, Unnao, Chinsurah, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Machilipatnam, Shimla. Adoni, Udupi, Katihar, Proddatur, Saharsa, Hindupur, Sasaram, Hajipur, Bhimavaram, Kumbakonam, Dehri, Madanapalle, Siwan, Bettiah, Guntakal, Srikakulam, Motihari, Dharmavaram, Gudivada, Phagwara, Narasaraopet, Suryapet, Miryalaguda, Tadipatri, Karaikudi, Kishanganj, Jamalpur, Ballia, Kavali, Tadepalligudem, Amaravati, Buxar, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Gangtok

Exporters of Nickel Aluminium Bronze Buttweld Fittings

  • America: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • Europe – Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Euro area, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  • Africa – Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Asia – Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Georgia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macao, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
  • Australia – Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu