An API (American Petroleum Institute) 5L line pipes are manufactured in two forms, PSL 1 and PSL 2. PSL stands for Product Specification Levels. PSL stands for Product Specification Levels. These specs cover seamless and welded steel line pipe from grades X42 through X80. API 5L is suitable for transporting gas, water, and oil, and is usually found in the hydrocarbon petroleum and natural gas industry.

PSL-1 is a loose standard quality for line pipe, whereas PSL-2 contains additional testing requirement, stricter chemical physicals, along with different ceiling limits of mechanical properties, and require Charpy impact testing conditions.

Furthermore, additional testing requirements under PSL-2 include CVN testing, non-destructive inspection of seamless products, certification to SR15, and mandatory traceability throughout the entire production process. Most FERC, DOT, or FEMSA lines require PSL-2, meaning these types of requirements are a must when supplying pipe for pipelines that are regulated by any of these governing bodies.

Parameter PSL 1 PSL 2
Grade range A25 through X70 B through X80
Max C for Seamless pipe 0.28% for grades ≥ B 0.24%
Max C for Welded pipe 0.26% for grades ≥ B 0.22%
Max P 0.030% for grades ≥ A 0.03%
Max S 0.03% 0.02%
Carbon Equivalent Only when purchaser specifies SR18 Maximum required for each grade
Yield Strength, Max None Maximum for each grade
UTS (Ultimate Tensile Strength), Max None Maximum for each grade
Size Range 0.405″ through 80″ 4.5″ through 80″
Type of Ends Plain end, Threaded end, Bevelled end special coupling pipe Plain End
Seam Welding All methods:
continuous welding
limited to A25
All methods:
except continuous welding
and laser welding
Electric Welds: Welder frequency No Minimum kHz minimum 100
Heat Treatment of Electric Welds Required for grades >X42 Required for all grades (B through X80)
Fracture Toughness None Required for all grades
Traceability Traceable only until all tests are passed unless SR15 is specified Traceable after completion of tests (SR15.2) mandatory
Certification Traceable only until all tests are passed Certificates (SR15.1) mandatory
Non-Destructive Inspection of Seamless Only when purchaser
specifies SR4
SR4 mandatory
Repair by Welding of Pipe Body Plate and Skelp Permitted by agreement Prohibited
Repair by Welding of Weld Seams without Filler Metal Permitted by agreement Prohibited

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