Forged Pipe Fittings (Socket Weld and Threaded) are made in accordance to ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) B16.11, MSS-SP-79\ 83\ 95\97 and BS3799 standards, and are used to connect nominal bore schedule pipes and pipelines. Commonly, the forged pipe fittings include: socket weld pipe fittings and threaded pipe fittings.

These forged pipe fittings, are commonly used to change the direction in piping, thereby changing the direction of the media flow. Forged socket weld fittings are restricted to smaller pipe diameters (up to NPS 4, but usually NPS 2 or smaller) and are available in 3000, 6000, and 9000 class pressure ratings, corresponding to Schedule 40, 80, and 160 pipe. Socket fittings are welded into place with fillet welds, which makes them weaker than butt- welded fittings, but still preferable to threaded fittings for high-end work.

List of Pipe Fittings & Flanges Manufacturers in India & Worldwide

Size From 1/4″ to 4″ (6mm-100mm). And reducing sizes are available for common parts like couplings, tees, hex bushings and nipples.
Pressure 2000LBS, 3000LBS, 6000LBS, 9000LBS. Although class 2,000 and 9,000 fittings exist, these are rarely used and class 3,000 and 6,000 remain the more common class of fittings used.
Material ASTM A105, F304, F316, F304L, F316L, A182 F11/F22/F91
Connection ends Butt welded, threaded
Rating 1. Threaded wog: 2000, 3000 and 6000 lbs (140kgs/cm2-210kgs/cm2-410kgs/cm2) (sch 40 – sch 80 – sch 160 ).
2. Socket-welding wog: 3000, 6000, 9000 lbs. (sch 80 – sch 160 – xxs ).

Types of Forged Fittings

Read More about Pipe Fittings Here

Thread Fittings

Socket Weld Fittings

90° Elbow 90° Elbow
45° Elbow 45° Elbow
Tee Tee
Cross Cross
Full Coupling Full Coupling
Half Coupling Half Coupling
Reducing Coupling Pipe Cap
Pipe Cap Union
Hex Head Bushing Reducer Insert
Hex Head Plug Boss
Square Head Plug Branch Outlet
Round Head Plug 90° Elbow Outlet
Union 45° Lateral Tee
Hex Nipple Lateral Outlet
Street Elbow Branch Outlet Butt Weld
Bull Plug 90° Elbow Outlet Butt Weld
Boss Lateral Outlet Butt Weld
Swage Nipple Nipple Branch Outlet Butt Weld
Pipe Nipple
Adapter
Union (Male x Female)
Branch Outlet
90° Elbow Outlet
45° Lateral Tee
Lateral Outlet
Nipple Branch Outlet

Forged Fittings Materials and Grades

Forged pipe fittings are generally available in two materials: Carbon Steel (ASTM A105 material spec), and Stainless Steel SS316 (ASTM A182 material spec). The surface of carbon steel A105 forged pipe fittings may be further reinforced against corrosion through galvanizing. This is an optional add-on which customers may include at an additional cost.

STAINLESS STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING ASTM/ASME SA 182F Gr. 304, 304L, 304H, 304N, 304LN, 316, 316L, 316H, 316N, 316LN, 309L, 310, 317, 317L, 321, 321H, 347, 347H AND UNS 31254 (254SMO)
DUPLEX STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING ASTM/ASME SA 182F Gr. F44 , F45 , F51 , F53 , F55 , F60 , F61.Werkstoff No. 1.4462
CARBON STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING ASTM/ASME A105 / A350 LF2, ASME SA105, A694 – F42, F46, F52, F60, F65, F70, A36, A516 Gr. 70, 60
LOW TEMPERATURE CARBON STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING A/SA 350 LF2, LF3
ALLOY STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING ASTM/ASME A182 Gr. F1 / F5 / F9 / F11 / F22 / F91
NICKEL STEEL FORGED PIPE FITTING ASTM/ASME SB 256 Gr. NICKEL ALLOY 200 (UNS N02200), NICKEL ALLOY 20, MONEL ALLOY 400 (UNS N04400), INCONEL ALLOY 600 (UNS N06600), INCONEL ALLOY 625 (UNS N06625), INCOLOY ALLOY 800 (UNS N08800), INCOLOY ALLOY 800H (UNS N08810), INCOLOY ALLOY 800HT (UNS N08811),INCONEL ALLOY 825 (UNS N08825), ALLOY 20 (UNS N08020), HASTELLOY C-276 (UNS N010276), HASTELLOY C-4 (UNS N06455), HASTELLOY C-22 (UNS N06022), ALLOY 6XN (UNS N08367)
OTHER MATERIAL FORGED PIPE FITTING BRASS, BRONZE, TITANIUM, TANTALUM, BISMUTH, ALUMINIUM, ZINC, LEAD, etc.
COPPER NICKEL & CUPRO NICKEL FORGED PIPE FITTING ASTM / ASME SB 61 UNS NO. C 92200 & ASTM / ASME SB 62 UNS NO. C 83600. ASTM / ASME SB 151 UNS NO. 70600, 71500, C 70600 ( CU -NI- 90/10), C 71500 ( CU -NI- 70/30), ASTM / ASME SB 152 UNS NO C 10100, C 10200, C 10300, C 10800, C 12000, C 12200.

Connection Types

Class 3,000 and 6,000 forged pipe fittings comes in two types of connection: Socket Weld, or Threaded. NPT (National Pipe Thread) is the most common thread type although BSPP (British Standard Pipe Parallel thread) is also be available for certain parts like Full Couplings, Hex Bushings and Hex Nipples. Socket weld connection is significantly more popular than threaded since most applications call for completely sealing off a line and eliminating all possibility of leakage.

The fittings are normally produced with the same connection for all sides of the same fitting. That means, a socket weld fitting will have socket weld connection on all sides. Should different connection ends be required, additional machining could be possible but at a higher cost and a longer lead time. i.e. Socket weld x Socket weld x NPT Tee.

Prices for Forged Pipe Fittings

The prices for forged pipe fittings are directly co related to the raw material prices, especially in country like India where the cost of conversion is cheaper. The key raw materials for manufacturing forged pipe fittings are bar stock and billets. Given that India is a lowest cost producer for billets and bar stock, Indian manufacturers like us can sell forged pipe fittings at lowest prices worldwide.

Forged Pipe Fittings Manufacturing Standards

  • ASTM A182 – ASME SA182 – Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings
  • ASME B16.9 – Factory-Made Wrought Buttwelding Fittings
  • ASME B16.11 – Socket Welding and Threaded Forged Fittings
  • MSS SP-43 – Wrought and Fabricated Butt-Welding Fittings for Low Pressure, Corrosion Resistant Applications
  • MSS SP-95 – Swage(d) Nipples and Bull Plugs
  • BS3799 – Specification for Steel pipe fittings, screwed and Socket-welding for the petroleum industry

Metallica supplies a variety of forged pipe fittings to satisfy our customers’ specific requirements. Our products are produced strictly according to the required standard.

Applications

They are used for wide range of industries wherever liquids, chemicals, gases, or other fluids are handled. Some of the examples are –

  • Oil & Gas Industry
  • Power Plants
  • Food & Beverage Industry
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Semiconductor manufacturing
  • Paper production
  • Construction

Socket weld material is significantly more popular then threaded since most applications call for completely sealing off a line and eliminating all possibility of leakage.

Leading Brands & Manufacturers of Forged Pipe Fittings

There are many big forged fittings manufacturers in Italy, Germany, France and USA. In India too, there are many small scale to medium scale forged pipe fittings manufacturers, but none of them are big names. However, the quality produced by Indian manufacturers is comparable and prices are much more competitive.

A highly recommended manufacturer for forged pipe fittings in India is Metallica Metals, which was established in 1975, and has been well-recognized among customers worldwide for excellence in its quality and services. Metallica Quality Management System has been certified with ISO 9001:2015, PED, together with all major international-recognized certificates and also being listed on the Approval Supplier List of major domestic refineries, petro-chemical factories in India.

Company Name Country
Mega Spa Italy
Dynamic Products Incorporated USA
Wfi International Incorporated USA
Texas Pmw Incorporated USA
Linvic Engineering Ltd. United Kingdom
Bonney Forge Corporation USA
Petrol Raccord Spa Italy
Linvic Engineering Ltd. Italy
Bkl Fittings Ltd UK
Bassi Luigi & C Spa Italy
Interfit S A France
Wilhelm Schulz Export Gmbh Germany
Tecnoforge Spa Italy
Raccordi Forgiati Srl Italy
Tectubi Raccordi Spa Italy
Custom Alloy Corporation USA
Steel Forgings Incorporated USA
Tube Forgings Of America USA
Benex Corporation Japan
Canadoil Asia Ltd. Thailand
Nippon Bend Co. Ltd. Japan
ERNE Fittings Gmbh Germany
Simas Spa Italy
Delcorte Sa France
Ihara Science Corporation Japan
Ward Manufacturing Incorporated USA
Anvil International USA
Penn Machine Works, Phoenix Forge Group USA
Capitol Mfg. (Carbon Steel) USA
Camco Fittings ( Stainless Steel) USA
Welding Outlets (Woi) USA
Westbrook (Wmi) USA
Wilsons Plc UK
Ulma Forja S. Coop Spain
Voestalpine Tubulars Gmbh & Co Kg. Austria
Iml Industria Meccanica Italy
Officine A. Metaesi And Co. Italy
Bruck Gmbh Enshein Germany
Sungkwang Bend Co. Ltd. (Sk Bend) South Korea
Tae Kwang Bend Industries Co. Ltd.  (Tk Bend) South Korea
Lame Forged Steel Fitting And Outlets Italy
Merwede Valves Bv Netherlands
Piana Spa Italy
Both-Well Steel Fittings Co Ltd Taiwan
Mannesmann Dmv Stainless USA
Viar Spa Italy
Alloy Stainless Products (Ss/Alloys Only) USA
Dason Stainless Products USA
Sumikin Kikoh Japan
Umezawa Seisakusho Japan
Fittinox (Stainless Steel) Italy
Zunt Italiana Srl Italy

Established in 1975, the Metallica Metals Group has its operations spread across major cities in India. We are a pioneer in the stainless steel pipes, seamless steel pipes, carbon steel pipes and alloy steel pipes manufacturing and processing industry. Our products are exported to over 70 countries across the world, while in India we have supplies to even the remote areas. With over 250 tons of sale in stainless steel and carbon steel pipes every day, Metallica has emerged as a prominent vendor for many buyers in India and Overseas.

We procure significant quantities of materials from Indian carbon steel pipe mills and overseas manufacturers of stainless-steel pipes. Given our extensive network for sourcing the best quality goods at most competitive prices, we are a preferred seller of steel products for various turnkey projects in India and Worldwide.